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Liberty Ships and Victory Ships, America's Lifeline in War--
Supplementary Resources

Liberty Ships and Victory Ships, America's Lifeline in War will help students in understanding how the United States mobilized a massive construction effort to build a large merchant fleet to serve in war and peace. Of the thousands of ships built during World War II, only a small number remain. Those interested in learning more will find that the Internet offers a variety of materials about the people, vessels, and organizations associated with this great accomplishment.

National Park Service Maritime Heritage Program
The National Park Service's Maritime Heritage Program works to advance awareness and understanding of the role of maritime affairs in the history of the United States by helping to interpret and preserve our maritime heritage. The program's website includes information on National Park Service maritime parks, historic ships, lighthouses, and life saving stations. The home page features a poignant poster illustrating the sacrifice of the merchant mariners.

National Park Service
Warships Associated with World War II in the Pacific:
Excerpts from a National Historic Landmark Theme Study
This online book provides historical background, specifications, and photographs for 26 vessels associated with World War II.

National Historic Landmarks Program
A program of the National Park Service, visit their website for information on the The World War II Home Front National Historic Landmark Theme Study, the SS Jeremiah O'Brien, and the SS Lane Victory.

World War II in the San Francisco Bay Area
This National Park Service, National Register of Historic Places' on-line travel itinerary provides information on 31 historic places listed in the National Register that reflect the San Francisco Bay Area's role in the "Arsenal of Democracy." The itinerary includes information on the SS Red Oak Victory and the Richmond Shipyard. Also available are detailed essays on Seacoast Defense, Shipbuilding, Mobilization, Women at War, the Port of Embarkation, and Preservation.

Rosie the Riveter/World War II Home Front National Historical Park
Rosie the Riveter/World War II Home Front National Historical Park is operated as a partnership between the National Park Service, the City of Richmond, the Rosie the Riveter Trust and the Richmond Museum of History. The park opened in 2000 and is still in development. The park preserves and interprets the history of the men and women who worked at the factories and shipyards in and around Richmond, California in support of World War II. Among the many units of the park is the site of the Richmond Shipyard (which built many of the Liberty and Victory ships), the automotive plant (which produced military vehicles), the Rosie the Riveter Memorial, the Liberty Ship Memorial and the SS Red Oak Victory (a World War II era Victory ship). The SS Red Oak Victory is currently undergoing restoration, please check the website for updates.

United States Maritime Administration
This agency under the Department of Transportation oversees the merchant marine of the United States. Visit their website, for more information on the merchant marine, including an Education page.

United States Merchant Marine Academy
Visit the website of the school in Kings Point, New York, that trains future officers of the merchant marine. The site also contains links to the Maritime Museum, which includes artifacts and historic pictures.

United States Naval Historical Center
The Naval Historical Center website contains an excellent, detailed collection of historic photographs, primary documents, and oral history interviews. During World War II, the Navy provided the U.S. Naval Armed Guard that manned the Liberty and Victory ships' defensive weapons and the communications equipment. The Navy also provided convoy escorts and anti-submarine patrols.

United States Coast Guard Historian's Office
The Coast Guard Historian's Office website has an extensive site on the history of the Coast Guard, including documents, photographs, and a Kids and Teacher's page. During World War II, the Coast Guard provided escorts for convoys and anti-submarine patrols, as well as the International Ice Patrol to keep the shipping lanes safe.

Naval Historical Foundation
A non-profit organization dedicated to preserving and promoting the Navy's proud heritage. The Foundation supports the activities of the Naval Historical Center. Their website has information on primary sources including oral histories, memoirs and personal paper collections.

U.S. Maritime Service Veterans
Veterans of the merchant marine and U.S. Naval Armed Guard operate this extensive website. This is a comprehensive site about the history and traditions of the merchant marine. There are extensive histories of the merchant marine in World War II, the Korean War and the Vietnam War.

American Rosie the Riveter Association
This is a national organization made up of the women who worked in the factories and shipyards during World War II. The website includes a newsletter and links to related sites.

Historic Naval Ship Visitors Guide
This website, maintained by the Historic Naval Ships Association, is a worldwide listing of historic ships that are open to the public, including ships' histories and contact information.

NOVA: Hitler's Lost Sub
The PBS series NOVA aired an episode on the discovery of a sunken German submarine off the coast of New Jersey. The website includes a history of this U-Boat, a virtual tour and a transcript of the show that includes a detailed account of the Battle of the Atlantic during the early years of World War II, when the submarine threat to shipping was at its height. The website also has a Teacher Resources page.

German Submarine U-505, Chicago Museum of Science and Industry
Submarines were a major threat to shipping in the Atlantic Ocean during World War II. The museum has a German U-Boat on display, the U-505, which was captured by the U.S. Navy in World War II. The submarine has been designated a National Historic Landmark. The museum maintains an online exhibition about the U-505.

Teaching with Historic Places
Many lessons are available that relate to Liberty Ships and Victory Ships, America's Lifeline in War.


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