Oak Hill was an early home of John Marshall, noted Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. The wood-frame dwelling, completed by 1773 when Marshall was 17, is a classic example of Virginia's colonial vernacular. John Marshall became the owner of Oak Hill in 1785 when his father, Thomas Marshall, moved to Kentucky. Although John Marshall lived mostly in Richmond and Washington, he kept his Fauquier County property, making improvements and using it as a retreat. In 1819 he built an attached Classical Revival house as a
residence for his son Thomas. In 1835 Oak Hill was inherited by Thomas Marshall's son John Marshall II, whose overindulgence in hospitality forced him to sell the place to his brother Thomas. The property left the family after Thomas Marshall, Jr.'s mortal wounding in the Civil War.
Oak Hill can be seen from Interstate 66, and is located north of the highway just east of the exit for Rte. 17 near Delaplane. It is a private residence, and is not open to the public.
Oak Hill is the subject of an online-lesson plan produced by Teaching with Historic Places, a National Register program that offers classroom-ready lesson plans on properties listed in the National Register. To learn more, visit the Teaching with Historic Places home page.