U.S. Post Office and Courthouse
covers one block
NPS photograph by Jody Cook
The U.S. Post Office and Courthouse is one of the most architecturally
important and distinguished buildings of the early 20th century
remaining in downtown Atlanta. Built in the Second Renaissance Revival
style, the Old Post Office was first occupied in 1911 after more
than three years of construction. James Knox Taylor, Supervising
Architect of the Treasury Department at the time, designed the building.
The Old Post Office is an imposing building, covering one block
in the center of downtown. The five-story, U-shaped building has
a granite exterior on the street facades and buff-colored brick
surfacing in the court area. The ground story is rusticated while
the upper wall surfaces are smooth, providing a background for a
variety of ornate openings. Surmounting the building is a heavy
cornice making the low roof invisible from the street.
Historic postcard of U.S. Post
Office and Courthouse
Courtesy of Jody Cook
The basic interior floor plan has not changed drastically, although
some details have been either altered or eliminated. The halls of
the first floor or main post area consist of series of arches resting
on flat marble pilasters. Wainscoting and window and door framing
are marble while upper wall surfaces are plaster. Elevators are
located near the stairwells, although the original grillwork has
disappeared. The United States Court of Appeals is located on the
third floor. The large, rectangular courtroom is covered with elaborately
carved oak paneling, repeating many of the motifs of the exterior.
In 1931, major postal services were moved to a newer building.
The U.S. Post Office and Courthouse is located at 76 Forsyth
St. in downtown Atlanta. It is now the Federal Court of Appeals
and is not open to the public.
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