Pu'ukahola Heaiau National Historic Site
Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary
Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage

Learn More

Asian American and Pacific islander Heritage Tourism, History, Preservation, and General Websites


List of Sites by State   
Alphabetical List of Sites   
Asian American and Pacific Islander Websites

Other Relevant National Park Service Websites   
Other Relevant Websites   
Selected Bibliography



Asian American and Pacific Islander
National Park Service Asian American Pacific Islander Heritage Initiative


Alaska
Kake Cannery
Historic American Engineering Record
Kake, Alaska
National Trust for Historic Preservation

Stedman-Thomas Historic District
Historic Ketchikan
Ketchikan Travel Site
National Park Service: Stedman-Thomas Historic District
Stedman: Asian Heritage Month
Travel Alaska: Ketchikan


American Samoa
National Park of American Samoa
Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary: Places Reflecting America's Diverse Cultures
National Parks Conservation Association: American Samoa
National Park of American Samoa
American Samoa Visitors Bureau


Arizona
Poston Elementary School, Unit 1, Colorado River Relocation Center
Japanese American Veterans' Association
National Park Service Online Book: Confinement and Ethnicity: An Overview of World War II Japanese American Relocation Sites
National Park Service Japanese Americans in WWII
The Colorado River Indian Tribes Tourism Bureau


Arkansas
Rohwer Relocation Center Memorial Cemetery
City of McGehee
Japanese American Veterans' Association
Life Interrupted (University of Arkansas at Little Rock Public History Program)
McGehee Chamber of Commerce: WWII Japanese-American Internment Museum
National Park Service Online Book: Confinement and Ethnicity: An Overview of World War II Japanese American Relocation Sites
National Park Service Japanese Americans in WWII


California

Bodie Historic District
Bodie Foundation
Bodie State Historic Park
Bridgeport Chamber of Commerce
California State Parks: Bodie
National Park Service: Bodie Chinese American Community

Hakone Historic District
Hakone Estate and Garden
Saratoga City Hall Hakone
Saratoga Travel Bureau
Zen Practices in Saratoga

Harada House
Riverside Metropolitan Museum
Riverside Visitors Bureau
University of California: Asian American Riverside

Isleton Historic District
City of Isleton Chamber of Commerce
Isleton Cajun Festival
Isleton Chamber of Commerce

Little Tokyo Historic District
Bronzeville
Experience LA
Japanese American National Museum
Little Tokyo History
Little Tokyo Historical Markers Project
Los Angeles Conservancy
The Museum of Contemporary Art
National Register of Historic Places Program Asian-Pacific American Heritage Month May
Union Church

Locke Historic District
City of Sacramento
Locke Boarding House Museum
Locke Foundation
Sacramento Convention and Visitors Bureau
Teaching with Historic Places Lesson Plan: Locke and Walnut Grove: Havens for Early Asian Immigrants in California

Manzanar National Historic Site
Ansel Adams' Photographs of Japanese-American Internment at Manzanar
California Historical Society
Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary: Places Reflecting America's Diverse Cultures
Independence, CA Chamber of Commerce
Japanese American Veterans' Association
Manzanar, American Treasures of the Library of Congress
National Park Service Japanese Americans in WWII
National Park Service: Manzanar National Historic Site
National Park Service Online Book: Confinement and Ethnicity: An Overview of World War II Japanese American Relocation Sites
National Park Service Japanese Americans in WWII
National Park Service Museum Management Program: Manzanar National Historic Site
PBS: Children of the Camps; the Japanese-American WWII Internment Camp Experience
San Diego Convention and Visitors Bureau
Teaching with Historic Places Lesson Plan: The War Relocation Centers of World War II: When Fear was Stronger than Justice

Niles Canyon Transcontinental Railroad Historic District
Niles Canyon Preservation
Niles Canyon Railway Museum
Niles Depot Model Railroads & Museum
Visit California Niles Canyon
Visit Tri-Valley: Niles Canyon

Presidio of San Francisco
National Park Service: Presidio of San Francisco
Presidio of San Francisco: A History of the Presidio
Golden Gate National Parks Conservancy
California State Military Museum
San Francisco Travel

Sailing Ship Balclutha
San Francisco Maritime National Park Association

Star of India
San Diego Visitor Information

The Forty Acres
Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary: American Latino Heritage
Cesar Chavez Foundation
City of Delano, CA
United Farm Workers
Visit California

Tule Lake Segregation Center
Anders Tomlinson: The Tule Lake Basin
Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary: Places Reflecting America's Diverse Cultures
National Park Service Japanese Americans in WWII
National Park Service Online Book: Confinement and Ethnicity: An Overview of World War II Japanese American Relocation Sites
National Park Service Japanese Americans in WWII
National Park Service: Tule Lake Unit
Teaching with Historic Places Lesson: The War Relocation Centers of World War II: When Fear was Stronger than Justice
The Tule Lake Community
Tule Lake Oral History Project
Tule Lake Scrapbook
University of Utah: Tule Lake Internment Camp Photograph Exhibit

U.S. Immigration Station, Angel Island
Angel Island Conservancy
Angel Island Immigration Station Foundation
California State Parks: Angel Island
Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary: American Latino
Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary: Early History of the California Coast
Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary: World War II In the San Francisco Bay Area
National Register of Historic Places Program Asian-Pacific American Heritage Month May
San Francisco Travel Association
State of California General Tourism Information

Walnut Grove Chinese American Historic District
National Park Service: National Asian-Pacific History Month
Teaching with Historic Places Lesson: Locke and Walnut Grove: Havens for Early Asian Immigrants in California

Walnut Grove Japanese-American Historic District
Preserving California's Japantowns: Walnut Grove
Teaching with Historic Places Lesson: Locke and Walnut Grove: Havens for Early Asian Immigrants in California
Walnut Grove, California


Colorado
Granada Relocation Center
Amache Preservation Society
Colorado Come to Life
Colorado Preservation
Granada Japanese Internment Camp
Japanese American Veterans' Association
National Archives
National Park Service Online Book: Confinement and Ethnicity: An Overview of World War II Japanese American Relocation Sites
National Park Service Japanese Americans in WWII


District of Columbia
Downtown Historic District (Chinatown)
Chinatown Community Cultural Center
Cultural Tourism DC
Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary: Washington, D.C.
Washington, DC Convention and Visitors Association


Federated States of Micronesia
Nan Madol
Federated States of Micronesia Visitors Board
General Information: Nan Madol
Nan Madol: The City Built on Coral Reefs
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Pohnpei Visitors Bureau


Guam
War in the Pacific
Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary: Places Reflecting America's Diverse Culture
Guam Visitors Bureau
National Park Service Online Book: The War in the Pacific: Liberation: Guam Remembers
National Park Service Online Book: Marines in World War II Commemorative Series: Liberation: Marines in the Recapture of Guam
National Park Service: War in the Pacific National Historical Park


Hawaii

Ala Kahakai National Historic Trail
Hawaii State Parks: Ala Kahakai Trail
National Parks Conservation Association: Ala Kahakai
National Park Foundation: Ala Kahakai National Historic Trail
National Park Service: Ala Kahakai National Historic Trail
Public Access Trails Hawaii

Chinatown Historic District (Honolulu )
Hawaii History - Chinatown
Hawaii Tourism Authority: Downtown Honolulu & Chinatown
Honolulu's Chinatown
Japanese Cultural Center of Hawai'i

Cook Landing Site
County of Kauai
Hawaii State Historic Preservation Division
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau
Kauai County Vacation Information

Haleakala National Park
Kapahu Living Farm
Haleakala National Park
Hawaii Tourism Authority: Haleakala National Park
National Park Service: Haleakala National Park

Hawai'i Volcanoes National Park
Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary: Places Reflecting America's Diverse Culture
Hawaiian Historical Society
Hawaii State Historic Preservation Division
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau
National Park Service: Hawaii Volcanoes National Park

Hokukano-Ualapue Complex
Hawaii State Historic Preservation Division
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau

Huilua Fishpond
Hawaii State Historic Preservation Division
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau

'Iolani Palace
City and County of Honolulu
Hawaii State Foundation on Culture and the Arts
Hawaii State Historic Preservation Division
Hawaii State Parks
Hawaii Tourism Authority Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau
Mayor's Office of Culture and the Arts

Kalaupapa National Historical Park
Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary: Places Reflecting America's Diverse Culture
Hawaii State Historic Preservation Division
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau
National Park Service: Kalaupapa National Historical Park National Park Service Online Book: Exile in Paradise: The Isolation of Hawaii's Leprosy Victims and the Development of Kalaupapa Settlement, 1865 to the Present

Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park
Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary: Places Reflecting America's Diverse Culture
Kona Historical Society
Hawaiian Historical Society
Hawaii State Historic Preservation Division
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau
National Park Service: Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park

Kamakahonu
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau
Hawaii Tourism Authority
King Kamehameha's Kona Beach Hotel

Kaunolu Village Site
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau

Kawaiahao Church and Mission Houses
City and County of Honolulu
Mayor's Office of Culture and the Arts
Hawaii State Historic Preservation Division
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau
Historic Hawaii

Keauhou Holua Slide
Hawaiian Boarding Company Hawaii State Historic Preservation Division
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau

Lahaina Historic District
Hawaii State Historic Preservation Division
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau
Lahaina Restoration Foundation

Loaloa Heiau
Hawaii State Historic Preservation Division
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau

Mauna Kea Adz Quarry
Hawaii State Historic Preservation Division
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Kako'i, adze-makers of Mauna Kea

Mo'okini Heiau
America's State Parks: Hawaii
Hawaii State Historic Preservation Division
Hawaii State Parks
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau
Kohala Historical Sites State Monument

Old Sugar Mill of Koloa
Hawaii State Historic Preservation Division
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau
Old Town Koloa

Pi'ilanihale Heiau
Family Ties to an Ancient Hawaii
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau
National Tropical Botanical Garden

Pu'uhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park
The Architect of the Capitol: Kamehameha I
Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary: Places Reflecting America's Diverse Culture
History and Culture of Ancient Hawaii
Kailua Chamber of Commerce
Kona Historical Society
Hawaiian Historical Society
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau
National Park Service: Pu'uhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park

Pu'ukohola Heiau National Historic Site
Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary: Places Reflecting America's Diverse Culture
Hawaii State Historic Preservation Division
Hawaiian Historical Society
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau
Kona Historical Society
National Park Service: Pu'ukohola Heiau National Historic Site National Park Service Online Book: A Cultural History of Three Traditional Hawaiian Sites on the West Coast of Hawai'i Island
National Park Service Online Book: Pahukanilua: Homestead of John Young

Pu'u o Mahuka Heiau
Hawaii State Historic Preservation Division
Hawaii State Parks
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau

Russian Fort
Hawaii State Parks
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau

South Point Complex
Hawaii State Historic Preservation Division
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau

Wailua Complex of Heiaus
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau
Wailua River State Park

Washington Place
City and County of Honolulu
Hawaii State Historic Preservation Division
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau
Historic American Buildings Survey
Mayor's Office of Culture and the Arts
Washington Place Foundation


Idaho
Minidoka National Historic Site
Discover our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary: Places Reflecting America's Diverse Culture
The Empty Chair Project
Exploring the Japanese American Internment
Friends of Minidoka
Hagerman, Idaho Chamber of Commerce
Idaho Department of Commerce: Vacation and Travel Planning Guide
Idaho Official State Website
Japanese American National Museum
Jerome County Historical Museum
Library of Congress – Ansel Adam's Photographs of Japanese American Internment
Minidoka County, Idaho
Minidoka County Historical Society
National Archives – Japanese Relocation and Internment During World War II
National Park Service Online Book: Confinement and Ethnicity: An Overview of World War II Japanese American Relocation Sites
National Park Service Japanese Americans in WWII
National Park Service: Minidoka National Historical Site
Smithsonian Education – Letters from the American Japanese Internment


Michigan
McGregor Memorial Conference Center
Historic Building Archives
Michigan Modern: Design that Shaped America
Wayne State University: McGregor Memorial Conference Center


Montana
Butte-Anaconda Historic District
Anaconda Historic District: Properties and Signs
Anaconda Mational Historic Landmark District Map
Butte's Chinatown
Butte Historic District: Properties and Signs
Butte Montana Convention and Visitors Bureau
Butte National Register of Historic Places Districts
Montana Office of Tourism: Anaconda


Nevada
Virginia City Historic District
Desert USA: Virginia City, Nevada
Historic American Buildings Survey


New York
Chinatown and Little Italy Historic District
Chinatown Partnership: Explore Chinatown NYC
History of New York's Chinatown
The Official New York City Guide: Must-See Chinatown


Oregon
Kam Wah Chung Company Building
National Park Service Asian-Pacific American Heritage Month
City of John Day
Kam Wah Chung State Heritage Site
Oregon Convention Center
Oregon Experience Kam Wah Chung

Portland New Chinatown-Japantown Historic District
Lan Su Chinese Garden
Old Town/Chinatown Walking Tour


Pennsylvania
George Nakashima Woodworker Complex
George Nakashima's "Handmade House"
George Nakashima: Woodworker
Modern Homes Philadelphia
World Monuments Fund


Utah
Central Utah Relocation Center (Topaz)
Delta Area Chamber of Commerce
Delta Utah
Japanese American Veterans Association
National Park Service Online Book: Confinement and Ethnicity: An Overview of World War II Japanese American Relocation Sites
National Park Service Japanese Americans in WWII
Topaz Museum
Utah History to Go

Golden Spike National Historic Site
Asian-Pacific American Heritage Month
Brigham Area Chamber of Commerce
Brigham City, Utah
Discover our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary: Places Reflecting America's Diverse Culture
PBS: Becoming American: The Chinese Experience
Utah Division of State History
Utah Travel Industry


Washington
Bainbridge Island Japanese American Exclusion Memorial
Bainbridge Gardens
Bainbridge Island Historical Museum

Panama Hotel
City of Seattle
Historic Panama Hotel Bed and Breakfast
Visit Seattle

Seattle Chinatown Historic District
City of Seattle: Chinatown International District
Discover our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary: Seattle, Washington
Seattle Historic Tours
Seattle Chinatown International District
Seattle's Chinatown International District: Business Improvement Area
Seattle Neighborhoods
Visit Seattle

Wing Luke Museum of the Asian Pacific American Experience
City of Seattle
Visit Seattle
Wing Luke Museum of the Asian Pacific American Experience


Wyoming
Heart Mountain Relocation Center
City of Cody
Heart Mountain Interpretive Center
Japanese American National Museum
Japanese American Veterans' Association
National Park Service Online Book: Confinement and Ethnicity: An Overview of WWII Japanese
National Park Service Japanese Americans in WWII
Northwest College Wyoming: Heart Mountain Digital Preservation Project
Official Travel Guide to Cody/Yellowstone, Wyoming

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Alphabetical List of Sites

A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z

Ala Kahakai National Historic Trail
Hawaii State Parks: Ala Kahakai Trail
National Parks Conservation Association: Ala Kahakai
National Park Foundation: Ala Kahakai National Historic Trail
National Park Service: Ala Kahakai National Historic Trail
Public Access Trails Hawaii

Bainbridge Island Japanese American Exclusion Memorial
Bainbridge Gardens
Bainbridge Island Historical Museum

Bodie Historic District
Bodie Foundation
Bodie State Historic Park
Bridgeport Chamber of Commerce
California State Parks: Bodie
National Park Service: Bodie Chinese American Community

Butte-Anaconda Historic District
Anaconda Historic District: Properties and Signs
Anaconda Mational Historic Landmark District Map
Butte's Chinatown
Butte Historic District: Properties and Signs
Butte Montana Convention and Visitors Bureau
Butte National Register of Historic Places Districts
Montana Office of Tourism: Anaconda

Central Utah Relocation Center (Topaz)
Delta Area Chamber of Commerce
Delta Utah
Japanese American Veterans Association
National Park Service Online Book: Confinement and Ethnicity: An Overview of World War II Japanese American Relocation Sites
National Park Service Japanese Americans in WWII
Topaz Museum
Utah History to Go

Chinatown and Little Italy Historic District
Chinatown Partnership: Explore Chinatown NYC
History of New York's Chinatown
The Official New York City Guide: Must-See Chinatown

Chinatown Historic District (Honolulu)
Hawaii History - Chinatown
Hawaii Tourism Authority: Downtown Honolulu & Chinatown
Honolulu's Chinatown
Japanese Cultural Center of Hawai'i

Cook Landing Site
County of Kauai
Hawaii State Historic Preservation Division
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau
Kauai County Vacation Information

Downtown Historic District (Chinatown)
Chinatown Community Cultural Center
Cultural Tourism DC
Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary: Washington, D.C.
Washington, DC Convention and Visitors Association

George Nakashima Woodworker Complex
George Nakashima's "Handmade House"
George Nakashima: Woodworker
Modern Homes Philadelphia
World Monuments Fund

Golden Spike National Historic Site
Asian-Pacific American Heritage Month
Brigham Area Chamber of Commerce
Brigham City, Utah
Discover our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary: Places Reflecting America's Diverse Culture
PBS: Becoming American: The Chinese Experience
Utah Division of State History
Utah Travel Industry

Granada Relocation Center
Amache Preservation Society
Colorado Come to Life
Colorado Preservation
Granada Japanese Internment Camp
Japanese American Veterans' Association
National Archives
National Park Service Online Book: Confinement and Ethnicity: An Overview of World War II Japanese American Relocation Sites
National Park Service Japanese Americans in WWII

Hakone Historic District
Hakone Estate and Garden
Saratoga City Hall Hakone
Saratoga Travel Bureau
Zen Practices in Saratoga

Haleakala National Park
Kapahu Living Farm
Haleakala National Park
Hawaii Tourism Authority: Haleakala National Park
National Park Service: Haleakala National Park

Harada House
Riverside Metropolitan Museum
Riverside Visitors Bureau
University of California: Asian American Riverside

Hawai'i Volcanoes National Park
Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary: Places Reflecting America's Diverse Culture
Hawaiian Historical Society
Hawaii State Historic Preservation Division
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau
National Park Service: Hawaii Volcanoes National Park

Heart Mountain Relocation Center
City of Cody
Heart Mountain Interpretive Center
Japanese American National Museum
Japanese American Veterans' Association
National Park Service Online Book: Confinement and Ethnicity: An Overview of WWII Japanese
National Park Service Japanese Americans in WWII
Northwest College Wymoing: Heart Mountain Digital Preservation Project
Official Travel Guide to Cody/Yellowstone, Wyoming

Hokukano-Ualapue Complex
Hawaii State Historic Preservation Division
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau

Huilua Fishpond
Hawaii State Historic Preservation Division
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau

'Iolani Palace
City and County of Honolulu
Hawaii State Foundation on Culture and the Arts
Hawaii State Historic Preservation Division
Hawaii State Parks
Hawaii Tourism Authority Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau
Mayor's Office of Culture and the Arts

Isleton Historic District
City of Isleton Chamber of Commerce
Isleton Cajun Festival
Isleton Chamber of Commerce

Kake Cannery
Historic American Engineering Record
Kake, Alaska
National Trust for Historic Preservation

Kalaupapa National Historical Park
Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary: Places Reflecting America's Diverse Culture
Hawaii State Historic Preservation Division
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau
National Park Service: Kalaupapa National Historical Park National Park Service Online Book: Exile in Paradise: The Isolation of Hawaii's Leprosy Victims and the Development of Kalaupapa Settlement, 1865 to the Present

Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park
Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary: Places Reflecting America's Diverse Culture
Kona Historical Society
Hawaiian Historical Society
Hawaii State Historic Preservation Division
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau
National Park Service: Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park

Kamakahonu
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau
Hawaii Tourism Authority
King Kamehameha's Kona Beach Hotel

Kam Wah Chung Company Building
National Park Service Asian-Pacific American Heritage Month
City of John Day
Kam Wah Chung State Heritage Site
Oregon Convention Center
Oregon Experience Kam Wah Chung

Kaunolu Village Site
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau

Kawaiahao Church and Mission Houses
City and County of Honolulu
Mayor's Office of Culture and the Arts
Hawaii State Historic Preservation Division
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau
Historic Hawaii

Keauhou Holua Slide
Hawaiian Boarding Company Hawaii State Historic Preservation Division
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau

Lahaina Historic District
Hawaii State Historic Preservation Division
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau
Lahaina Restoration Foundation

Little Tokyo Historic District
Bronzeville
Experience LA
Japanese American National Museum
Little Tokyo History
Little Tokyo Historical Markers Project
Los Angeles Conservancy
The Museum of Contemporary Art
National Register of Historic Places Program Asian-Pacific American Heritage Month May
Union Church

Loaloa Heiau
Hawaii State Historic Preservation Division
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau

Locke Historic District
City of Sacramento
Locke Boarding House Museum
Locke Foundation
Sacramento Convention and Visitors Bureau
Teaching with Historic Places Lesson Plan: Locke and Walnut Grove: Havens for Early Asian Immigrants in California

Manzanar National Historic Site
Ansel Adams' Photographs of Japanese-American Internment at Manzanar
California Historical Society
Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary: Places Reflecting America's Diverse Cultures
Independence, CA Chamber of Commerce
Japanese American Veterans' Association
Manzanar, American Treasures of the Library of Congress
National Park Service Japanese Americans in WWII
National Park Service: Manzanar National Historic Site
National Park Service Online Book: Confinement and Ethnicity: An Overview of World War II Japanese American Relocation Sites
National Park Service Japanese Americans in WWII
National Park Service Museum Management Program: Manzanar National Historic Site
PBS: Children of the Camps; the Japanese-American WWII Internment Camp Experience
San Diego Convention and Visitors Bureau
Teaching with Historic Places Lesson Plan: The War Relocation Centers of World War II: When Fear was Stronger than Justice

Mauna Kea Adz Quarry
Hawaii State Historic Preservation Division
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Kako'i, adze-makers of Mauna Kea

McGregor Memorial Conference Center
Historic Building Archives
Michigan Modern: Design that Shaped America
Wayne State University: McGregor Memorial Conference Center

Minidoka National Historic Site
Discover our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary: Places Reflecting America's Diverse Culture
The Empty Chair Project
Exploring the Japanese American Internment
Friends of Minidoka
Hagerman, Idaho Chamber of Commerce
Idaho Department of Commerce: Vacation and Travel Planning Guide
Idaho Official State Website
Japanese American National Museum
Jerome County Historical Museum
Library of Congress – Ansel Adam's Photographs of Japanese American Internment
Minidoka County, Idaho
Minidoka County Historical Society
National Archives – Japanese Relocation and Internment During World War II
National Park Service Online Book: Confinement and Ethnicity: An Overview of World War II Japanese American Relocation Sites
National Park Service Japanese Americans in WWII
National Park Service: Minidoka National Historical Site
Smithsonian Education – Letters from the American Japanese Internment

Mo'okini Heiau
America's State Parks: Hawaii
Hawaii State Historic Preservation Division
Hawaii State Parks
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau
Kohala Historical Sites State Monument

Nan Madol
Federated States of Micronesia Visitors Board
General Information: Nan Madol
Nan Madol: The City Built on Coral Reefs
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Pohnpei Visitors Bureau

National Park of American Samoa
Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary: Places Reflecting America's Diverse Cultures
National Parks Conservation Association: American Samoa
National Park of American Samoa
American Samoa Visitors Bureau

Niles Canyon Transcontinental Railroad Historic District
Niles Canyon Preservation
Niles Canyon Railway Museum
Niles Depot Model Railroads & Museum
Visit California Niles Canyon
Visit Tri-Valley: Niles Canyon

Panama Hotel
City of Seattle
Historic Panama Hotel Bed and Breakfast
Visit Seattle

Old Sugar Mill of Koloa
Hawaii State Historic Preservation Division
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau
Old Town Koloa

Pi'ilanihale Heiau
Family Ties to an Ancient Hawaii
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau
National Tropical Botanical Garden

Portland New Chinatown-Japantown Historic District
Lan Su Chinese Garden
Old Town/Chinatown Walking Tour

Poston Elementary School, Unit 1, Colorado River Relocation Center
Japanese American Veterans' Association
National Park Service Online Book: Confinement and Ethnicity: An Overview of World War II Japanese American Relocation Sites
National Park Service Japanese Americans in WWII
The Colorado River Indian Tribes Tourism Bureau

Presidio of San Francisco
National Park Service: Presidio of San Francisco
Presidio of San Francisco: A History of the Presidio
Golden Gate National Parks Conservancy
California State Military Museum
San Francisco Travel

Pu'uhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park
The Architect of the Capitol: Kamehameha I
Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary: Places Reflecting America's Diverse Culture
History and Culture of Ancient Hawaii
Kailua Chamber of Commerce
Kona Historical Society
Hawaiian Historical Society
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau
National Park Service: Pu'uhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park

Pu'ukohola Heiau National Historic Site
Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary: Places Reflecting America's Diverse Culture
Hawaii State Historic Preservation Division
Hawaiian Historical Society
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau
Kona Historical Society
National Park Service: Pu'ukohola Heiau National Historic Site National Park Service Online Book: A Cultural History of Three Traditional Hawaiian Sites on the West Coast of Hawai'i Island
National Park Service Online Book: Pahukanilua: Homestead of John Young

Pu'u o Mahuka Heiau
Hawaii State Historic Preservation Division
Hawaii State Parks
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau

Rohwer Relocation Center Memorial Cemetery
City of McGehee
Japanese American Veterans' Association
Life Interrupted (University of Arkansas at Little Rock Public History Program)
McGehee Chamber of Commerce: WWII Japanese-American Internment Museum
National Park Service Online Book: Confinement and Ethnicity: An Overview of World War II Japanese American Relocation Sites
National Park Service Japanese Americans in WWII

Russian Fort
Hawaii State Parks
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau

Sailing Ship Balclutha
San Francisco Maritime National Park Association

Seattle Chinatown Historic District
City of Seattle: Chinatown International District
Discover our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary: Seattle, Washington
Seattle Historic Tours
Seattle Chinatown International District
Seattle's Chinatown International District: Business Improvement Area
Seattle Neighborhoods
Visit Seattle

Star of India
San Diego Visitor Information

South Point Complex
Hawaii State Historic Preservation Division
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau

Stedman-Thomas Historic District
Historic Ketchikan
Ketchikan Travel Site
National Park Service: Stedman-Thomas Historic District
Stedman: Asian Heritage Month
Travel Alaska: Ketchikan

The Forty Acres
Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary: American Latino Heritage
Cesar Chavez Foundation
City of Delano, CA
United Farm Workers
Visit California

Tule Lake Segregation Center
Anders Tomlinson: The Tule Lake Basin
Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary: Places Reflecting America's Diverse Cultures
National Park Service Japanese Americans in WWII
National Park Service Online Book: Confinement and Ethnicity: An Overview of World War II Japanese American Relocation Sites
National Park Service Japanese Americans in WWII
National Park Service: Tule Lake Unit
Teaching with Historic Places Lesson: The War Relocation Centers of World War II: When Fear was Stronger than Justice
The Tule Lake Community
Tule Lake Oral History Project
Tule Lake Scrapbook
University of Utah: Tule Lake Internment Camp Photograph Exhibit

U.S. Immigration Station, Angel Island
Angel Island Conservancy
Angel Island Immigration Station Foundation
California State Parks: Angel Island
Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary: American Latino
Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary: Early History of the California Coast
Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary: World War II In the San Francisco Bay Area
National Register of Historic Places Program Asian-Pacific American Heritage Month May
San Francisco Travel Association
State of California General Tourism Information

Virginia City Historic District
Desert USA: Virginia City, Nevada
Historic American Buildings Survey

Wailua Complex of Heiaus
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau
Wailua River State Park

Walnut Grove Chinese American Historic District
National Park Service: National Asian-Pacific History Month
Teaching with Historic Places Lesson: Locke and Walnut Grove: Havens for Early Asian Immigrants in California

Walnut Grove Japanese-American Historic District
Preserving California's Japantowns: Walnut Grove
Teaching with Historic Places Lesson: Locke and Walnut Grove: Havens for Early Asian Immigrants in California
Walnut Grove, California

War in the Pacific
Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary: Places Reflecting America's Diverse Culture
Guam Visitors Bureau
National Park Service Online Book: The War in the Pacific: Liberation: Guam Remembers
National Park Service Online Book: Marines in World War II Commemorative Series: Liberation: Marines in the Recapture of Guam
National Park Service: War in the Pacific National Historical Park

Washington Place
City and County of Honolulu
Hawaii State Historic Preservation Division
Hawaii Tourism Authority
Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau
Historic American Buildings Survey
Mayor's Office of Culture and the Arts
Washington Place Foundation

Wing Luke Museum of the Asian Pacific American Experience
City of Seattle
Visit Seattle
Wing Luke Museum of the Asian Pacific American Experience

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Asian American and Pacific Islander Websites

Asian & Pacific Islander Americans in Historic Preservation (APIAHiP) The Asian & Pacific Islander Americans in Historic Preservation (APIAHiP) is a national network of preservationists, historians, planners, and advocates focused on historic and cultural preservation in Asian & Pacific Islander American communities.

National Park Service: Asian American and Pacific Islander Initiative The National Park Service Asian American Pacific Islander Heritage projects explore how the legacy of Asian American Pacific Islanders can be recognized, preserved, and interpreted for future generations. The National Park Service, as a storyteller of our Nation's past, is committed to connecting and amplifying Asian American and Pacific Islander stories throughout national parks and communities across the United States. This website highlights projects undertaken by National Park Service parks and programs as part of the Service's commitment to telling the Asian American Pacific Islander story. Projects vary from increased interpretation, collaboration with community organizations, and the production of scholarly documentation.

Asian-Pacific American Heritage Month The Library of Congress, National Archives and Records Administration, National Endowment for the Humanities, National Gallery of Art, National Park Service, Smithsonian Institution and United States Holocaust Memorial Museum join in paying tribute to the generations of Asian and Pacific Islanders who have enriched America's history and are instrumental in its future success.

Smithsonian Asian Pacific American Center is a national resource for discovering the consequences and complexity of the Asian Pacific American experience—and a creative leader in rethinking museums in the digital age.

Smithsonian Institution Travelling Exhibition Service - I want the Wide Earth An Asian Pacific Story


Other Relevant National Park Service Websites

National Park Service The main National Park Service website is the gateway to national parks, information on preserving America's history and culture in parks and communities, and a vast amount of other useful information on National Park Service programs, history and culture, nature and science, education, and other topics.

Cultural Resources Office of Outreach and Diversity The National Park Service Cultural Resources Office of Outreach and Diversity is located within Cultural Resources, Partnerships and Science, which includes historic preservation programs and applied research in archeology, history, cultural anthropology, cultural landscapes, historic structures, and museum collections. The Office is dedicated to diversifying the cultural resources and historic preservation field through new programs and approaches. The Office administers the Cultural Resources Diversity Internship Program.

Discover History The National Park Service's Cultural Resources Programs are dedicated to preserving history, education, and grants. Find out about the programs and the services they provide, and much more, by going to the Discover History home. History is everywhere. In nearly 400 national parks and every hometown. It covers everything from the remnants of ancient civilizations to the boyhood homes of U.S. Presidents to the stirring sagas of hard-fought wars to the reverberations of one woman refusing to give up her seat on a bus. History is a part of who we were, who we are, and who we will be.

Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary Series The National Park Service's travel itineraries include many interesting and exciting historic destinations to visit online and in person. Itineraries spotlights different geographic regions, themes, or communities, and provide a wealth of information. The travel itineraries include a huge variety of places significant in American history, architecture, archeology, engineering, and culture, most of which are listed in the National Register of Historic Places.

Heritage Documentation Programs in the American Memory: Built in America The National Park Service Heritage Documentation Programs include HABS (Historic American Buildings Survey), the Federal Government's oldest operating preservation program, and companion programs, HAER (Historic American Engineering Record) and HALS (Historic American Landscapes Survey). Drawings, maps, photographs, and historical reports produced through the programs and archived at the Library of Congress constitute the nation's largest collection of historical architectural, engineering, and landscape documentation.

History E-Library This National Park Service website includes many useful NPS documents on National Park System units associated with cultural heritage and a variety of other publications related to history and historic places.

Museum Management Program The National Park Service Museum Management Program develops policies, procedures, web exhibits & curriculum that reflect over 360 park museums nationwide.

National Historic Landmarks National Historic Landmarks are nationally significant historic places designated by the Secretary of the Interior because they possess exceptional value in interpreting the heritage of the United States. Today, only a few more than 2,500 historic places bear this national distinction. The National Park Service administers the National Historic Landmarks Program.

National Heritage Areas Program National Heritage Areas (NHAs) are designated by Congress as places where natural, cultural, and historic resources combine to form a cohesive, nationally important landscape. Through their resources, NHAs tell nationally important stories that celebrate our nation's diverse heritage. NHAs are lived-in landscapes. Consequently, NHA entities collaborate with communities to determine how to make heritage relevant to local interests and needs.

National Register of Historic Places The National Register of Historic Places is the nation's official inventory of historic places worthy of preservation. Districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects significant in American history, architecture, archeology, engineering, and culture are included in the National Register, which is expanded and maintained by the National Park Service. The National Register website is the gateway to information on authentic registered historic places, the benefits of recognition, and how to become involved in identifying, nominating to the National Register, and protecting these irreplaceable reminders of our heritage. The National Register publications are online. Among them are brochures in both English and Spanish.

National Trails System The National Historic Trails System is the network of scenic, historic, and recreation trails created by the National Trails System Act of 1968. These trails provide for outdoor recreation needs, promote the enjoyment, appreciation, and preservation of open-air, outdoor areas and historic resources, and encourage public access and citizen involvement.

Office of International Affairs The National Park Service has an Office of International Affairs that works to facilitate cooperation between the U.S. National Park Service and counterpart agencies around the globe. In celebration of the 40th anniversary of the World Heritage Convention, the National Park Service has produced a short film on all the World Heritage sites in the U.S. Please click here to view this video.

Office of Sustainable Tourism National Parks have been interwoven with tourism from their earliest days. This website highlights the ways in which the National Park Service promotes and supports sustainable, responsible, informed and managed visitor use through cooperation and coordination with the tourism industry.

Teaching with Historic Places Teaching with Historic Places (TwHP) uses properties listed in the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places to enliven history, social studies, geography, civics, and other subjects. TwHP has created a variety of products and activities that help teachers bring historic places into the classroom. The website for the National Park Service Teaching with Historic Places Program contains a wealth of information for educators and students that can be used in the classroom and beyond. It offers a series of more than 150 online classroom-ready place-based lesson plans created by historians and educators. Each lesson is linked to national and State standards for history and social studies. Lesson plans are indexed in several ways. The thematic index identifies the lesson plans that relate to Hispanic topics. Two of these lessons are available in Spanish, as well as in English.


Other Relevant Websites

American Memory at the Library of Congress Search this website for documents, photographs, and other materials relating to America's diverse population.

American Scenic Byways This website, maintained by the U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, includes information on State and nationally designated byway routes throughout America based on their archeological, cultural, historic, natural, recreational and scenic qualities.

Historic Hotels of America A feature of the National Trust for Historic Preservation's Heritage Traveler program that provides information on historic hotels and package tours in the vicinity of sites included in this itinerary.

National Archives and Records Administration Search the National Archives website for primary documents.

National Park Foundation The National Park Foundation, in partnership with the National Park Service, enriches America's national parks and programs through private support, safeguarding our heritage and inspiring generations of national park enthusiasts.

National Trust for Historic Preservation The National Trust for Historic Preservation is a United States Congress-chartered non-profit membership organization that works to save America's historic places. Chartered by Congress in 1949, the organization is now supported entirely by private contributions. In the word of the National Trust, "We take direct on-the-ground action when historic buildings and sites are threatened. Our work helps build vibrant, sustainable communities. We advocate with governments to save America's heritage. We strive to create a cultural legacy as diverse as the nation itself so that all of us can take pride in our part of the American story."


Selected Bibliography

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Adachi, Ken.  The Enemy that Never Was.  Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1976.

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American Red Cross. "Report of the American Red Cross Survey of Assembly Centers in California, Oregon, and Washington."  Papers of the U.S. Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians, Part 1, Numerical file archive, Reel 10, 1942.

Ancheta, Angelo N. Race, Rights, and the Asian American Experience.  New Brunswick:  Rutgers University Press, 2006.

Angel Island Immigration Station Foundation.  "Celebrating the Story of Pacific Immigration."  San Francisco, n.d.

Ano, Masaharu.  "Loyal Linguists - Nisei of World War II Learned Japanese in Minnesota."  In Minnesota History, vol. 45, no. 7 (1977): 273-287.

Anonymous.  "Mack Alford Correctional Center."  Stringtown, OK: MS on file, Mack Alford Correctional Center, n.d.

"Archeological Survey Form, Inst. #FS 151."  Museum of New Mexico, Laboratory of Anthropology, 1989.

Arrington, Leonard  The Price of Prejudice: The Japanese-American Relocation Center in Utah During World War II.  Logan: The Faculty Association, Utah State University, 1962.

Azuma, Eiichiro.  Between Two Empires:  Race, History, and Transnationalism in Japanese America.  New York, NY:  Oxford University Press, 2005.

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Bailey, Paul.  City in the Sun: The Japanese Concentration Camp at Poston, Arizona.  Los Angeles: Westernlore Press, 1971.

Baker, Lillian. Dishonoring America: The Falsification of World War II History.  Medford, OR: Webb Research Group, 1994.

_____.  The Japanning of America: Redress and Reparations Demands by Japanese Americans. Medford, OR: Webb Research Group, 1991.

Banks, Phyllis Eileen.  "Fort Stanton and Its Past."  Southern New Mexico Online, 1998.  At http://www.Zianet.com/snm/ftstant.htm, accessed in 1998.

Barrere, Dorothy B. Tracing the Past at Honaunau. Hawaii: Hawaii Natural History Association, 1994.

Bearden, Russell.  "Life Inside Arkansas's Japanese-American Relocation Centers."  Arkansas Historical Quarterly 48, no. 2 (1989):169-196.

Benedetti, Umberto.  Italian Boys at Fort Missoula, Montana, 1941-1943.  Missoula, MT: Pictorial Histories, 1997.

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Brands, H. W. Traitor to his Class:  The Privileged Life and Radical Presidency of FDR. 

Branton, Nicole.  "Landscape Approaches in Historical Archaeology: The Archaeology of Places."  In International Handbook of Historic Archaeology, Majewski, Teresita and David Gaimster, eds., 2009.

_____.  Rice Bowls and Resistance.  New York:  Doubleday Publishing, 2008.

_____.  "Drawing the Line:  Places of Power in the Japanese-American Internment Eventscape."  PhD dissertation, University of Arizona, 2004.

Bureau of Public Roads.  "Final Construction Report, Arizona Forest Highway Project 33, Catalina Highway, Coronado National Forest, Pima County, Arizona. U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Public Roads, Division Seven."  Tucson, AZ: MS on file, Coronado National Forest, 1951.

Burgan, Michael. The Japanese American Internment: Civil Liberties Denied. Minnesota: Capstone Pr Inc, 2007.

Burton, Jeffery F.  Three Farewells to Manzanar: The Archeology of Manzanar National Historic Site, California.  Western Archeological and Conservation Center Publication in Anthropology, 67.  Tucson, AZ: National Park Service, 1996.

Burton, Jeffery F. and Mary M. Farrell.  "Honouliuli Internment Camp National Register of Historic Places Registration Form."   Washington, DC:  on file at National Register, May 9, 2009.

_____ and Mary M. Farrell, Jigoku-Dani: An Archaeological Reconnaissance of the Honouliuli Internment Camp, O'ahu, Hawai'i.  Honolulu: Japanese Cultural Center of Hawai'i Research Center, December 2008, and "Addendum 1: 2009 Field Work," March 29, 2009.

_____ and Mary M. Farrell.  "World War II Japanese American Internment Sites in Hawai'i."  Tucson, AZ:  Trans-Sierran Archaeological Research and Japanese Cultural Center of Hawai'i Research Center, December 2007.

_____ and Mary M. Farrell.  "Tule Lake Segregation Center National Historic Landmark Nomination."  Washington, DC:  National Park Service, April 13, 2005.

_____ and Mary M. Farrell.  This Is Minidoka: An Archaeological Survey of Minidoka Internment National Monument, Idaho.  Western Archeological and Conservation Center Publication in Anthropology, 80.   Tucson, AZ: National Park Service, 2001.

Burton, Jeffery F., Mary M. Farrell, Florence B. Lord, and Richard W. Lord. Confinement and Ethnicity: An Overview of Japanese American Relocation Sites.  Western Archeological and Conservation Center Publication in Anthropology, 74.  Tucson, AZ: United States Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Western Archeological and Conservation Center, 1999.

Burton, Jeffery F., Mary Farrell, and Jeremy Haines.  I REI TO:  Archeological Investigations at the Manzanar Relocation Center Cemetery, Manzanar National Historic Site, California.  Tucson:  Western Archeological and Conservation Center, 2001.

Burton, Jeffery F., Laura S. Bergstresser, and Anna H. Tamura.  "Minidoka Internment National Monument: Archeology at the Gate, Archeological Investigations at the Entrance of the Minidoka Relocation Center."Tucson, AZ:  National Park Service, Western Archeological and Conservation Center, 2003.

California State Military Department.  "Historic California Posts: Camp Santa Anita (Santa Anita Assembly Center)."  At http://www.militarymuseum.org/CpSantaAnita.html, accessed on August 6, 2010.

_____.  "Historic California Posts: Pomona Ordnance Depot."  At http://www.militarymuseum.org/PomonaOrdDepot.html, accessed on August 2, 2010.

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Camp, Stacey Lynn. "Kooskia Camp Archaeology Project."  At http://www.uidaho.edu/ class/kicap/, accessed on March 13, 2011.

Carrillo, Richard F. and David Killam.  "Camp Amache (5PEW48):  A Class III Intensive Field Survey of the Granada Relocation Center, Prowers County, Colorado"  Manuscript.  Lakewood, CO:  Town of Granada and RMC Consultants, n.d.

Casella, Eleanor Conlin. "The Archaeology of Institutional Confinement, The American Experience in Archaeological Perspective." Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2007.

Castelnuovo, Shirley.  Soldiers of Conscience: Japanese American Military Resisters in World War I.  Westport, CT: Praeger, 2008.

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_____.  This Bittersweet Soil: The Chinese in California Agriculture, 1860-1910. Los Angeles and Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991.

Chinese Historical Society of America. Chinese America: History and Perspectives. The Journal of the Chinese Historical Society of America.  Multiple Volumes.
Choy, Cahterine Ceniza.  Empire of Care:  Nursing and Migration in Filipino American History.  Durham, NC:  Duke University Press, 2003.

Choy, Philip P.  "U.S. Immigration Station, Angel Island." National Historic Landmark Nomination. Washington, DC: National Park Service, 1995.

Chuman, Frank F.  "The Bamboo People: The Law and Japanese-Americans."  In Guilt by Association:  Essays on Settlement, Internment, and Relocation in the Rocky Mountain West.  Chicago, IL: Japanese American Research Project, University of Illinois Press, 1976.

Clark, Bonnie.  "The Tangible History of Amache, Phase II:  Research Design and Methodology for Field Investigations, Summer 2010," on file at the Department of Anthropology, University of Denver.

_____.  "The Archaeology of Gardening at Amache:  A Synthesis of Results from the University of Denver Field Investigations, Summer 2008," on file at the Department of Anthropology, University of Denver.

Coffman, Tom. Catch a Wave: A Case Study of Hawaii's New Politics. The University of Hawaii Press, 1972.

Cohen, Lucy M. Chinese in the Post-Civil War South: A People Without History. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1984.

Cohen, Irene J.  "Manzanar: A Japanese American Relocation Center Memorial."  Master's Thesis. School of Architecture, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1994.

Coolidge, Mary Roberts.  Chinese Immigration. New York: Hold and Company, 1909.

Conn, Stetson, Rose C. Engelman and Byron Fairchild.  "Japanese Evacuation from the West Coast."  In United States Army in World War II: The Western Hemisphere, Guarding the United States and Its Outposts.  Washington, DC: United States Army, Office of the Chief of Military History, 1964.

Conroy, Hilary.  The Japanese Frontier in Hawaii, 1868-1898.  Los Angeles and Berkeley: University of California Press, 1953.

Conley, Curt.  Idaho for the Curious: A Guide.  Cambridge, ID: Backeddy Books, 1982.

Craig, Ronald.  "After the Shooting Stopped:  US Military Police after the Armistice of World War I."  Military Police (April 1, 2005)U.S. Army Maneuver Support Center.

Daniels, Roger.  Asian America: Chinese and Japanese in the United States Since 1850.  Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1998.

_____.  Prisoners without Trial: Japanese Americans in World War II.  New York: Hill and Wang, 1993.

_____.  Concentration Camps: North America, Japanese in the United States and Canada During World War II.  Malabar, FL: Robert E. Krieger, 1989.

Daniels, Roger and Sandra C. Taylor and Harry H. L. Kitano, eds.  Japanese Americans, From Relocation to Redress, revised edition.  Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1991.

Davis, Daniel S.  Behind Barbed Wire: The Imprisonment of Japanese Americans During World War II.  New York: E. P. Dutton, 1982.

DeWitt, John L.  Final Report, Japanese Evacuation from the West Coast 1942.  Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1943.

Drinnon, Richard.  Keeper of Concentration Camps: Dillon S. Myer and American Racism.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 1987.

Dubrow, Gail and Connie Walker.  "Hashidate Yu at the Panama Hotel National Historic Landmark Nomination."  Washington, DC: National Park Service, 2002.

Dubrow, Gail with Donna Graves.  Sento at Sixth and Main: Preserving Landmarks of Japanese American Heritage.  Seattle: Seattle Arts Commission [University of Washington Press], 2002.

Durkheim, Emile.  The Division of Labor in Society. Translated by George Simpson. New York: Free Press of Glencoe, 1964.

Effland, Richard W. and Margerie Green.  "Cultural Resource Assessment for the Gila River Farms Indian Community, GRIC."  Manuscript.  Phoenix, AZ: Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd., 1983.

Ellis, Sheri Murray.  "Site Documentation and Management Plan for the Topaz Relocation Center, Millard County, Utah."  Prepared for the Topaz Museum Board.  Salt Lake City, UT: SWCA, Inc., Environmental Consultants, 2002.

Embree, John F.  "The Relocation of Persons of Japanese Ancestry in the United States: Some Causes and Effects."  Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences, vol. 33, no. 8.  Seattle, 1943.

Embrey, Sue Kunitomi, Arthur A. Hansen and Betty Kulberg Mitson.  "Manzanar Martyr: An Interview with Harry Y. Ueno."  Fullerton, CA: Japanese American Oral History Project, California State University, Fullerton, 1986.

Erickson, Jim.  "Forty-five Japanese Americans Lent Muscles to Build Highway."  In Arizona Daily Star (Tucson, AZ), August 31, 1998.

_____.  "WWII Internees' Lives in Catalina Examined: Renowned Japanese-American Looks Back."  Arizona Daily Star (Tucson, AZ), August 30, 1998.

Espina, Marina.  Filipinos in Louisiana.  New Orleans, LA: A.F. Laborde and Sons, 1988.

Espiritu, Yen Le.  Filipino American Lives.  Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1995.

_____.  Asian American Panethnicity: Bridging Institutions and Identities.  Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1992.

Farrell, Mary M.  "Mount Lemmon Highway Staging Ground Cultural Resources Clearance."  Tucson, AZ: MS on file at Coronado National Forest, 1986.

Farrell, Mary and Jeff Burton, "Gordon Hirabayashi, the Tucsonians, and the U.S. Constitution:  Negotiating Reconciliation in a Landscape of Exile."  In Archaeologies of Internment.  A. Myers and G. Moshenska, eds. Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, 2011.

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Finnerty, Margaret.  Del Webb: A Man, A Company.  Flagstaff, AZ: Heritage Publishers, 1991.

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Friday, Chris.  Organizing Asian American Labor: The Pacific Coast Canned-Salmon Industry, 1870-1942.  Philadelphia, PA:  Temple University Press, 1994.

Fujita-Rony, Dorothy B.  American Workers, Colonial Power:  Philippine Seattle and the Transpacific West.  Berkeley, CA:  University of California Press, 2003.

Gaines, Danielle E. "Memorial at Merced fairgrounds honors Japanese-American internees." Merced Sun-Star.  At http://www.mercedsunstar.com/2010/02/22/1322353/memorial-at-merced-fairgrounds.html, accessed on August 2, 2010

Gardiner, C. Harvey.  "The Latin American Japanese and World War II."  In Japanese Americans, From Relocation to Redress, Roger Daniels, Sandra C. Taylor and Harry H. L. Kitano. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1991.

_____.  Pawns in a Triangle of Hate: The Peruvian Japanese and the United States. Seattle: The University of Washington Press, 1981.

_____.  The Japanese and Peru, 1873-1973.  Albuquerque:  University of New Mexico Press, 1975.

Garcia, Marvin.  "The History of Kenedy."  English Honors Paper, Kenedy High School, Kenedy, Texas, 1991.

Garrett, Jessie A. and Ronald C. Larson.  "Camp and Community: Manzanar and the Owens Valley."  Fullerton, CA: Japanese American Oral History Project, California State University, Fullerton, 1977.

Gates, Gerald R.  "Tule Lake National Wildlife Refuge Land Exchange Archaeological Reconnaissance Report," (ARR 0517 [CY82]).  MS. Tulelake, CA:  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 1982.

Geary, Edward A.  A History of Emery County.  Utah Centennial County History Series.  Salt Lake City: Utah State Historical Society and Emery County, County Commission, 1996.

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Glynn, Gary.  Montana's Home Front During World War II.  Missoula, MT: Pictorial Histories, 1994.

Gorman, Michael.  "Heart Mountain Relocation Center National Register Nomination."  Washington, DC: National Park Service, 1985.

Greene, Linda Wedel. A Cultural History of Three Traditional Hawaiian Sites on the West Coast of Hawai'i Island. U.S. Department of the Interior. National Park Service. [Denver Service Center]: 1993.

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Hayashi, Brian Masaru.  Democratizing the Enemy:  The Japanese American Internment.  Princeton, NJ: Princeton  University Press, 2004

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Hsu, Madeleine Y. Dreaming of Gold, Dreaming of Home: Transnationalism and Migration Between the United States and South China, 1882-1943.  Stanford, CA:  Stanford University Press, 2000.

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_____.  The Issei: The World of the First Generation Japanese Immigrants, 1885-1924. New York: Free Press, 1988.

_____.  Views from Within: The Japanese American Evacuation and Resettlement Study.  Los Angeles: University of California, Asian American Studies Center, 1989.

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Inoshita, Msaji.  "The Story of One Japanese-American Family: Gila River Japanese Resettlement Camp."  Tucson: Arizona Historical Society Spring Lecture Series, "WWII: The Arizona Homefront," 1995.

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Iritani, Frank and Joanne Iritani.  "Ten Visits: Accounts of Visits to all the Japanese American Relocation Centers."  San Mateo, CA: Japanese American Curriculum Project, 1994.

Irons, Peter.  Justice Delayed: The Record of the Japanese American Internment Cases.  Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1989.

_____.  Justice at War: The Story of the Japanese American Internment Cases.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1983.

Jacobs, Arthur D.  "World War II—The Internment of German American Civilians."  In The Freedom of Information Times.  At www.foitimes.com, accessed in 1997.

Jacoby, Harold Stanley.  Tule Lake: From Relocation to Segregation.  Grass Valley, CA: Comstock Bonanza Books, 1996.

Japanese American Curriculum Project.  "Wartime Hysteria: The Role of the Press in the Removal of 110,000 Persons of Japanese Ancestry During World War II, a Gathering of Actual Newspaper and Magazine Clippings."  San Mateo, CA:  Japanese American Curriculum Project, 1973.

Japanese American National Museum Quarterly.  "Heart Mountain Mystery Rocks Donated to Museum."  Japanese American National Museum Quarterly, Summer 1994.

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