The National Register of Historic Places lists many properties significant for women's history. We take the opportunity of Women's History Month to highlight just some of the properties that exemplify the contributions of women to American history.
New Women's History properties featured
National Park units
Featured Historic Properties for Women's History Month:
Irene Burns House
Photograph courtesy of the California State Historic Preservation Office
Irene Burns House, Auburn, California
Irene Burns, a schoolteacher who became the first woman elected to political office in Placer County, California. After three terms as County Superintendent of Schools, she taught developmentally disabled students in San Francisco, then established a school for disabled students in her Auburn home, known as the Burns School.
The Home of the Friendless, St. Louis, Missouri
Charlotte Charless established the Home of the Friendless (Home) in 1853 to "afford relief to destitute and suffering females," specifically elderly women and widows who had lost their means of financial support.1 The Home served as a senior care facility for nearly 160 years, becoming a landmark in the St. Louis community.
Women's National Republican Club, Manhattan, New York
was built 1932-34 as the third home for the institution that was founded in 1920. The club is significant for its association with the Republican political party and the increased establishment of women's clubs following the adoption of the 19th Amendment to the Constitution that gave women the vote. Following its formation, the WNRC took the next step of encouraging women to engage in partisan politics. Founder and first president Henrietta Wells Livermore- a major figure in the women's suffrage movement- imagined the club as a major force in educating newly enfranchised women voters.
Elizabeth C. Quinlan House
Photograph courtesy of the Minnesota State Historic Preservation Office
Pond Farm Pottery Historic District, Sonoma County, California
Pond Farm Pottery is significant under Criteria A and B at the national level of significance in the areas of Art, Education, and Social History for its association with the Studio Pottery Movement and ceramist and teacher Marguerite Wildenhain who lived, worked, and taught at Pond Farm. American ceramists of the 1940s and 1950s were in the early stages of a ceramics revolution that resulted in several developments in ceramics in the United States, including the emergence of the Studio Pottery Movement. During the first half of the twentieth century, European immigrant ceramists such as Marguerite Wildenhain introduced new arts and crafts skills, methods, and philosophies across the country. Her school, Pond Farm Pottery, played an important role in the emergence of ceramics as an important art form. Wildenhain arrived at Pond Farm in 1942 and concluded her active working life in 1980 with the last summer session, publication of her third book, and a retrospective exhibit of her work. She remained at Pond Farm until her death in 1985. The property meets Criteria Consideration G: Properties That Have Achieved Significance Within the Past Fifty Years for its strong association with the Studio Pottery Movement of the mid-twentieth century and the internationally significant contributions of Wildenhain, an exemplary ceramist who was an important female pioneer in ceramics and ceramics education.
Elizabeth C. Quinlan House
Photograph courtesy of the Minnesota State Historic Preservation Office
Elizabeth C. Quinlan House, Minneapolis, Minnesota
The house was created for Elizabeth C. Quinlan, who was the co-founder of the Young-Quinlan Company, which, in 1894, was the first woman’s ready-to-wear shop west of the Mississippi River. Her highly successful department store, innovative practices and entrepreneurial work led her to become a leader of national recognition in the apparel industry and a pioneering business woman.
Mt. Airy (Grandma Moses House), Augusta County, Virginia
Grandma Moses was a prominent painter who started creating pictures in the 1930s from her memories as a farm wife both in the Virginia Shenandoah Valley and the New York Hoosick Valley. Moses moved to the Shenandoah Valley in November of 1887, with her husband Thomas Solomon Moses. Mt. Airy was the first house she and her husband owned in their married lives---they bought it for $6,000 and lived there from January 1901 to September 1902.
Pennsylvania Railroad Depot And Baggage Room
Photograph courtesy of the Dennison Railroad Depot Museum
Pennsylvania Railroad Depot And Baggage Room, Tuscarawas County, Ohio
" I was able to get only one sandwich for breakfast and the rest of the day I had nothing till we came to Dennison, where a miracle happened. With people behind us we can do only one thing, and that is come out victorious."
The Pennsylvania Railroad Depot and Baggage Room in Dennison, Ohio, was famous during World War II for its canteen, where an estimated 1.3 million American service men in the armed forces were served food and drinks on their way to training bases and disembarkation for distant fronts overseas. Nearly 4,000 local volunteers, primarily area women, staffed the canteen, and funds were collected to purchase food, coffee, and other supplies.
The Girl Scouts 100 year anniversary: The Juliette Gordon Low Historic District consists of three individual properties in Savannah, Georgia: the Wayne-Gordon House/Juliette Gordon Low Birthplace, the Andrew Low House, and the carriage house and servants' quarters for the Andrew Low House which became commonly known as the First Girl Scouts Headquarters.
Anna Hyatt Huntington, Georgetown County, South Carolina
For Women’s History Month, the National Register is showcasing two historic sites associated with the world famous woman sculptress Anna Hyatt Huntington (March 10, 1876 – October 4, 1973).
Atalaya, Georgetown County, South Carolina:
Atalaya was the winter home of world famous sculptor, Anna Hyatt Huntington, and her philanthropist husband, Archer Milton Huntington. In addition to being Anna's husband, Archer was also the designer of Atalaya.
Brookgreen Gardens, Georgetown County, South Carolina
Brookgreen Gardens is known today as a botanical and sculpture garden. Anna Hyatt Huntington was co-founder of Brookgreen Gardens and many of her sculptures are on display there.
Still Pond Historic District in Kent County, Maryland located at a crossroads surrounded by family farms, Still Pond served as a commercial hub and center of community life on Maryland's Upper Eastern Shore. On May 2, 1908 Mary Jane Howard, Annasandra "Annie" Maxwell, and Eliza Kelley made history as the first women in Maryland to vote in an election. Listed in the National Register of Historic Places over 100 years later in August, 2009.
Mary and Eliza Freeman Houses are significant as the last two houses to survive of "Little Liberia," a settlement of free African Americans in Bridgeport, Connecticut
Anna Hyatt Huntington
Photo taken Peter A. Juley & Son
Repository: Smithsonian Institution
O'Keeffe, Georgia, Home and Studio:
The home and studio of the artist Georgia O'Keeffe (1887-1986) in Abiquiu, New Mexico (approximately 50 miles northwest of Santa Fe), is one of the most important artistic sites in the southwestern United States.
Mulberry Plantation, Kershaw County, South Carolina: is the most important site associated with the writing of Mary Boykin Chesnut's remarkable first hand account of southern society during the Civil War.
Architecture of Julia Morgan: Julia Morgan was one of the nation's first prominent female architects. Among the almost 800 buildings she designed are: Hearst San Simeon Estate, San Luis Obispo County, California, Berkeley Women's City Club, in Alameda County, California,
Grandma Prisbrey's Bottle Village, Ventura County, California: Built between 1956 and 1965, Bottle Village is
a 1/3-acre unique folk art environment designed and erected by folk artist, Tressa
South, Chesterfield County, Virginia: Designed
by Amaza Lee Meredith (1895-1984), one of the nation's few black female architects,
the house is a significant landmark of African-American material culture and design.
Piney Point Coast Guard Light
Station: Between 1776 and 1942, 141
women were officially appointed Keepers of the Light by the United States government.
Nineteen women served as keepers in the state of Maryland on the Chesapeake Bay.
Rachel Carson Home: in Silver Spring, Maryland, is significant as the
place in which American biologist, naturalist, writer, and poet, Rachel Carson,
wrote the highly acclaimed 1962 book, Silent Spring, which made her, more
than any other person, the acknowledged advocate of the early ecology movement.
Cather Properties in Webster County, Nebraska: Willa Cather
captured the spirit of the pioneer era as perhaps no other American author.
Elizabeth Jane Colter Buildings, Coconino County, Arizona: The
Hopi House, Hermit's Rest, the Lookout Studio and the Desert View Watchtower are
not only the best and least altered, but some of the only remaining works of the
master architect and interior designer Mary Elizabeth Jane Colter.
Angelus Temple, Los Angeles County, California: is historically significant as
the base of operations for Aimee Semple McPherson, a pioneer in the field of radio
Marietta Canty House: in
Hartford, Connecticut, is primarily significant for its association with actress
Marietta Canty (1905-1986), who received critical acclaim for her performances
in theater, radio, motion pictures, and television as well as her political and
David T. and Nan Wood Honeyman
House in Multnomah County, Oregon: Nan Wood Honeyman (1881-1970) was a progressive local and
national leader for the Democratic party and of Prohibition reform.
Clara Barton National Historic Site in Montgomery County, Maryland: Resting on a slight knoll in a quiet, shaded yard above the Potomac River Valley,
a large, pale yellow, warehouse-like building stands as a memorial to the complicated
personality and persistent character of Clara Barton, a pioneer in women's history.
Hotel Metropolitan in McCracken County, Kentucky: The Hotel Metropolitan, the first hotel owned and operated
by and for African Americans in Paducah, was constructed for a young black
woman in 1909.
Turkey Point Lighthouse in Cecil County, Maryland: authorized by Congress in
1831 with the tower and keeper's quarters built in 1833, was tended
by more women keepers than any other lighthouse on the Chesapeake Bay.
Maggie L. Walker National Historic Site in Richmond, Virginia: commemorates the life and work of an exceptional woman who became
very active in the economic, social, and philanthropic life of Richmond's
African American community.
Loretta Ensor, 1923
Image courtesy of Larry Woodworth, Ensor Farmsite & Museum
Ensor Farm: in Johnson County, Kansas, is known for its historic
association with Loretta Ensor (1904-1991) and her brother, Marshall
Hamilton Ensor (1899-1970), two of the most prominent radio amateurs
who established one of the most complete amateur radio transmitting
stations in America on their property during the early history of
Frank B. Cooper Elementary
School: in the West Delridge
neighborhood of West Seattle, Washington, the Frank B. Cooper Elementary School is historically associated with Mrs. Thelma Fisher
Dewitty, who holds the distinction of being the first African American
to teach within the Seattle Public School District.
Lowell National Historical Park in Middlesex County, Massachusetts: While there is
no single birthplace of industry, Lowell's planned textile mill city,
in scale, technological innovation, and development of an urban working
class, marked the beginning of the industrial transformation of America.
Eudora Welty House, Jackson, MS
Home of one of the most influential writers of the 20th century
Ellamae Ellis League House, Macon, GA
Self-designed residence of accomplished Georgia architect Ellamae Ellis League
Woman's Athletic Club of San Francisco, CA
Established by women in 1915 to
improve themselves--intellectually, physically and artistically
Eleanor Roosevelt National Historic Site in Dutchess County, New York: Val-Kill Cottage, the simple, two-story stone building located within the Roosevelt family property at Hyde Park, was the home of Eleanor Roosevelt (1884-1962) for the last 17 years of her life.
Patsy Cline House, Winchester, VA
Home of 20th-century country music legend Patsy Cline
Matinicus Rock and Whitehead Light Stations, Knox County, Maine
Two lighthouses in Maine tended by a 19th-century female keeper, Abbie Burgess Grant
West Feliciana Parish, LA
Gardens designed by Martha Turnbull, amateur 19th-century landscape designer
Mary McLeod Bethune Council House National Historic Site in Washington, DC: was significant as a center for the development of strategies and programs which advanced the interests of African American women and the black community.
Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings
Photo taken by Carl Van Vechten , 1953
Rawlings, Marjorie Kinnan, House and Farm Yard, Cross Creek, Florida
Home of the journalist and author Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings.
Aldrich, Nathan C., House and Resthaven Chapel,
Catherine Regina Seabury used this property to benefit the female factory workers of Boston.
Catt, Carrie Chapam House, Briarcliff Manor, New York
The home of the famous suffragist of the same name between 1919 and 1928, during the time when she played a pivotal role in securing the Nineteenth Amendment giving women the right to vote in 1920.
Violet Oakley Studio, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Studio of the artist and muralist Violet Oakley.
Bonniebrook Homestead, Taney County, Missouri
Rose O'Neill, artist and creator of the Kewpie doll lived and worked on this estate.
Anna Leialoha Perry-Fiske, 1939
Photo courtesy of Hawaii State Historic Preservation office and the Anna Ranch Heritage Center
Anna Ranch, Kamuela, Hawaii
Find out about Anna Leialoha Perry-Fiske who saved her ranch, gave to charity, and won horseman ship contests.
Fisk, Robert and Elizabeth, House, Helena, Montana
Political, charitable, activist, and mother: Elizabeth Fisk was a leader in the early days of Helena, Montana.
Our itineraries are online guides tours to historic places listed in the National Register, National Parks and other historic places. Each includes detailed maps, tourist information, location information, and color photographs. Travel to historic places that tell the fascinating stories of women in various professions including educators, artists, inventors, business leaders, and philanthropists.
Teaching with Historic Places
This program offers a series of award-winning lesson plans that use places listed in the National Register to enliven the study of history, social studies, and geography. TwHP has ready-to-use lesson plans, available for free downloading, that examine important aspects of women's history.
• Navesink Lighthouse and Robbins Reef Lighthouse: Lighting the Way Through New York Bay
• The Old Mormon Fort: Birthplace of Las Vegas, Nevada
• Adeline Hornbek and the Homestead Act: A Colorado Success Story
• Back Stairs at Brucemore: Life as Servants in early 20th-Century America
• The Battle of Prairie Grove: Civilian Recollections of the Civil War
• Birthplace of John F. Kennedy: Home of the Boy Who Would Be President
• Chatham Plantation: Witness to the Civil War
• Clara Barton's House: Home of the American Red Cross
• First Lady of the World: Eleanor Roosevelt at Val-Kill
• From Canterbury to Little Rock:
• The Struggle for Educational Equality for African Americans
• Floyd Bennett Field: Naval Aviation's Home in Brooklyn
• The M'Clintock House: A Home to the Women's Rights Movement
• The Penniman House: A Whaling Story
• Two American Entrepreneurs: Madam C.J. Walker and J.C. Penney
WOMEN'S HISTORY IN THE PARKS
Women's History Month - National Park Service wide portal
Mary McLeod Bethune Council House National Historic Site
Maggie L. Walker at Maggie L. Walker National Historic Site (past feature)
Clara Barton at Clara Barton National Historic Site (past feature)
Mary J. Colter Properties at Grand Canyon National Park (past feature)
Lowell National Historical Park (past feature)
Johnstown Flood National Memorial
Eleanor Roosevelt National Historic Site (past feature)
Rosie the Riveter-World War II Home Front National Historical Park
Sewall-Belmont House National Historic Site
Whitman Mission National Historic Site
Women's Rights National Historical Park
Women's History Month - National Park Service wide portal
Women's History Month: government wide portal
Eleanor Roosevelt: American Visionary
This dynamic new website celebrates Eleanor Roosevelt, niece of President Theodore Roosevelt and the wife of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Eleanor helped transform the role of First Lady and became a champion of domestic social reform, economic justice, and human rights. The website includes virtual tours of historic places associated with the former First Lady, and numerous images of fascination museum objects.
Interpreting Women's History in the National Park Service
This publication focuses on what women's history is, the current status of women's history in the national parks, new ways for scholars of women's history and NPS staff to work together, and the role of the National Park Service in the preservation, commemoration, and interpretation of the history of American women.
National Park Service Uniforms: Breeches, Blouses, and Skirts 1918-1991
The National Park Service has, for most of its existence, been a male dominated organization. Women's role in the Service was never clearly defined until the 1960's, at which time a Victorian mentality prevailed, treating them as objects to be protected, instead of the ranger status to which they aspired. This on-line book tells the story of those women who fought to achieve their goal of equality with their male counterparts not only as rangers, but as rangers with the right to wear the appropriate attire to perform the job.
National Women's History Project
The National Women's History Project is a non-profit organization dedicated to recognizing and celebrating the diverse and historic accomplishments of women by providing information and educational material and programs. The goal of the NWHP is to "make history" accurate by recognizing and celebrating women's contributions through its current and future projects.
National Collaborative for Women's History Sites
NCWHS supports and promotes the preservation and interpretation of sites and locales that bear witness to women's participation in American life. The Collaborative makes women's contributions to history visible so that all women's experiences and potential are fully valued.
National Register Information System
Since its inception in 1966, nearly 80,000 properties have been listed in the National Register. Together these files hold information on more than 1.4 million individual resources--buildings, sites, districts, structures, and objects--and therefore provide a link to the country's heritage at the national, state, and local levels. Search by name, location, agency, or theme to locate National Register properties associated with women's history.
Library of Congress: Built in America (HABS/HAER/HALS)
The Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS), Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) and Historic American Landscapes Survey (HALS) collections document achievements in architecture, engineering, and design in the United States through a comprehensive range of building types and engineering technologies, including sites related to women's history. Searches on keywords like "women's rights," "women," or "rights," will provide information on an array of associated sites. Also try searching on women architects such as Mary Colter, Julia Morgan, Marion Mahoney Griffin; or on famous women such as Elizabeth Cady Stanton or Maggie Walker. Most of the documentation for the sites include publication-quality drawings and photographs, as well as historical data. Furthermore, the Historic American Buildings Survey website provides a brief history of the Sewall-Belmont House, home to the National Woman's Party since 1929.
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