Yamashiro (Japanese for “Castle on the Hill”), also known as the Bernheimer Villa and Oriental Gardens, was the vision of brothers Adolph and Eugene Bernheimer, German-born cotton barons and avid Asian Art collectors. The Bernheimers purchased several acres of hillside property in the heart of Hollywood for the construction of an expansive estate and gardens. They hired New York architect Franklin M. Small, with local architect Walter Webber serving as supervising architect, to design the Main House at the center of the estate to house their extensive collection of Asian art. The Main House was completed in 1914, and stands as a prominent example of orientalism applied to architecture, exhibiting eclectic Asian influences. The design is based on 17th-century Japanese architectural traditions. The gardens feature the original concentric terrace design, and retain many original features including concrete stairways and retaining walls, decorative features, water courses, and original plants and other landscaping.
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