|The George Washington Birthplace National Monument Historic District is significant at the national level under Criteria A, B, C, and D. It derives its primary significance at the national level under Criterion B as the site where George Washington, a transcendent figure in American history, was born and lived between 1732 and 1735. Under Criterion A, the district is nationally significant in the area of Conservation as the site of several seminal events in the history of historic preservation in the United States. The district also is nationally significant under Criterion A in the area of Archeology- Historic/Non-Aboriginal. Investigations undertaken by National Park Service archeologists in the 1930s and early 1940s firmly established the important role that the nascent field of historical archeology subsequently played in the interpretation of National Parks. The investigations were also key events in the transition of the field from its antiquarian origins in the late nineteenth century to its theoretical and academic maturation in the latter half of the twentieth century. The district also has national significance under Criterion C in the area of Landscape Architecture. Combining the planning principles developed for the western wilderness parks with prevailing interpretive concepts, the National Park Service, with the Wakefield Association, created a historic designed landscape incorporating the setting and surviving features of Popes Creek Plantation within an overlay memorializing Washington's association with the birthplace and providing visitor access. Charles E. Peterson (1906-2004), one of the National Park Service's most important and prolific early landscape architects, contributed many characteristic aspects of the landscape design.