National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior

National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name George Washington Birthplace National Monument Additional Documentation
Reference Number R_A_AD_66000850
State Virginia
County Westmoreland
Town Colonial Beach
Street Address 1732 Popes Creek Road
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 12/18/2013
Link to full file
The George Washington Birthplace National Monument Historic District is significant at the national level under Criteria A, B, C, and D. It derives its primary significance at the national level under Criterion B as the site where George Washington, a transcendent figure in American history, was born and lived between 1732 and 1735. Under Criterion A, the district is nationally significant in the area of Conservation as the site of several seminal events in the history of historic preservation in the United States. The district also is nationally significant under Criterion A in the area of Archeology- Historic/Non-Aboriginal. Investigations undertaken by National Park Service archeologists in the 1930s and early 1940s firmly established the important role that the nascent field of historical archeology subsequently played in the interpretation of National Parks. The investigations were also key events in the transition of the field from its antiquarian origins in the late nineteenth century to its theoretical and academic maturation in the latter half of the twentieth century. The district also has national significance under Criterion C in the area of Landscape Architecture. Combining the planning principles developed for the western wilderness parks with prevailing interpretive concepts, the National Park Service, with the Wakefield Association, created a historic designed landscape incorporating the setting and surviving features of Popes Creek Plantation within an overlay memorializing Washington's association with the birthplace and providing visitor access. Charles E. Peterson (1906-2004), one of the National Park Service's most important and prolific early landscape architects, contributed many characteristic aspects of the landscape design.


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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria