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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Mount Rushmore National Memorial Historic District (Additional Documentation and Boundary Increase)
Reference Number R_A_AD_66000718_03_20_2014
State South Dakota
County Pennington
Town Keystone
Street Address 13000 South Dakota Highway 244
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Accepted 3/20/2014
Areas of Significance Architecture, Archeology, (Prehistoric Aboriginal and Historic), Art, Conservation, Engineering, Entertainment/Recreation, Landscape Architecture, Transportation, Politics/Government, Social History
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Mount Rushmore National Memorial Historic District is nationally significant under National Register Criteria A, B, C, and D as a designed historic landscape that dramatically focuses attention one of America's and greatest and most enduring monuments the Shrine of Democracy sculpture. The work represents -American cultural values between 1927 and 1941. - The massive sculpture of four United States presidents, carved from the resilient granite of Mount Rushmore in South Dakota's Black Hills quickly achieved international renown as it emerged during the 1930s, and is a work of art that has become a beloved American icon. In fact, few places in the United States are more closely associated with American concepts of freedom and democracy than Mount Rushmore. The Shrine of Democracy reflects a tumultuous era in American history. First conceived during a period of economic prosperity and national pride, work on the sculpture spanned years of devastating financial decline during the Great Depression, and the darkening clouds of war in Europe. Federal support allowed for the completion of the Memorial, further supporting the artist's message of American strength. The Shrine of Democracy sculpture is also significant as the most recognized work of master artist Gutzon Borglum. The sculpture is an accomplished creation imbued with Borglum's personal belief in the superiority of American art and his nationalistic outlook. Borglum was highly influential in the site selection and content of the Memorial, including the idea of presenting a heroic statement recognizing America's influence and power, monumentality, patriotism, and self-determinism.

Any Associated Files
Link to Mount Rushmore National Memorial


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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria