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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.

 

Property Name Short Hills Battlefield Historic District
Reference Number R_A_14000203
State New Jersey
County Middlesex
Town Edison Township
Street Address
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 5/21/2014
Areas of Significance Military, Archeology Historic/Non-Aboriginal
Link to full file https://www.nps.gov/nr/feature/places/pdfs/R_A_14000203.pdf
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The Battle of the Short Hills occurred on 26 June 1777, as Crown forces advanced westward from Perth Amboy in an attempt to engage and destroy separate elements of the Cant inental Army. The opposing forces encountered each other a few miles north of Metuchen Meeting House during the early morning hours. Numerous contemporary accounts by participants indicated that the American fo rces were positioned on a series of h ills adjacent to a roadway or roadways along which the Crown forces were moving. Th e engagement lasted for a few ho urs, during which the Crown Forces of Sir William Howe and Lord Cornwallis drove Am erican military formations under the command of Lord Stirling from the fie ld, capturing at least th ree cannon and some Cont inenta l soldiers. Casualty figures vary but probably exceeded 100 on each side. Following th e engagement, the Crown forces advanced northward toward Westfield and Rahway. While they gained a tactical victory, the Crown forces destroyed neil her the brigades under the command of Lord Stirling nor the remainder of the Continental Army under the command of George Washington that was located to the southwest near Quibbletown. On the following day the Crown Forces marched back to Perth Amboy, pillaging and razing dwellings along the route. The acreage encompassed in this nomination includes landscape elements that are surprisingly intact given the generally urbanized nature of northeastern New Jersey.

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria