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Property Name Central Vermont Railroad Headquarters Additional Documentation
Reference Number AD_74000211_09_18_2014
State Vermont
County Franklin
Town St. Albans
Street Address Federal Street, Lake Street, Lower Welden Street, Hoyt Street, Houghton Street
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Accepted 9/18/2014
Areas of Significance Transportation, Architecture, Engineering
Link to full file
The original statement of significance summarizes that the complex in 1974 "is the most completely intact 19th century railroad complex surviving in Vermont." Since then, it has lost three important components (HD #2: Maintenance Shop/Passenger Station; HD#4: Machine Shop; and HD #7: the Freight Depot & platforms). Despite compromised integrity due to demolitions and modern intrusions, however, the Central Vermont Railroad Headquarters remains a very important collection of railroad resources that continue to tell the story of "the major rail carrier in Vermont, a road which contributed greatly to the development of several Vermont communities." The Central Vermont Railroad was the most comprehensive and important railroad system in the state's history and the St. Albans shops, yards, and offices were critical to its operations from 1862 through 1927, when the company was re-organized and taken over by the Canadian National Railway. After that they still played an important role in the rebuilding of the state after the 1927 flood and remained very active through the mid-20th century as part of the Canadian National system. The extant resources, in particular the well-preserved headquarters building (HD #1) designed by architect Levi Newcomb and the active roundhouse complex (HD #6-6e) designed by the Arnold Company, both of which still serve the New England Central Railroad, continue to embody and convey the history of the railroad. The Central Vermont Railroad Headquarters historic district remains significant under criterion A for the reasons outlined above. It is also significant under criterion C for its architecture, as the individual resources remaining have good architectural integrity on the exterior and, in the case of the headquarters and roundhouse, on the interior as well. In the case of HD #1 and HD #8, the elaborate architectural detail represents the use of style to convey the importance of the railroad business and to unify the headquarters and other properties of the railroad. In the case of HD #5 and HD #6 through HD #6e, they embody the characteristics of important railroad resource types.

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria