National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior

National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Fort Travis (amendment to document additional resources)
Reference Number AD_05000247_08202013
State Texas
County Galveston
Town Port Bolivar
Street Address State Highway 87 at Loop 108
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Accepted 8/20/2013
Areas of Significance
Link to full file
This is additional documentation for a property already listed. Fort Travis is the most complete concentration of coastal artillery batteries on the Texas Gulf Coast. It is located on the southern tip of the Bolivar Peninsula and contains four principal batteries and the remains of seven concrete foundations, two concrete water tanks, and a caretaker's house. The historic resources of Fort Travis were constructed between the years of 1898 and 1943. In its original state, Fort Travis was comprised of coastal batteries, magazine bunkers, anti- aircraft gun emplacements, enlisted man barracks, officer quarters, and other ancillary structures. Today, the only mission-critical historic properties standing are the four main batteries, a forward observation post, and an anti-aircraft gun emplacement. These batteries represent three distinctive historical periods within the military history of coastal fortifications: batteries Ernst and Davies were built during the Endicott period (1885-191 0); Battery Kimble was constructed during the Post- World War I period (1918- 1936); and Battery 236 was constructed during the World War II era (1937-1945). The construction and placement of the batteries represent different military strategies and technologies followed at the time of construction, and each reflects distinctive technologies and military tactics in the history of coastal artilleries. Evaluated within the contexts of the history of coastal artillery fortifications, military tactics, Fort Travis is nominated under Criteria A and C in the areas ofMilitary and Engineering. As the only property of its type on the Texas Gulf Coast, and as a facility that contributed to the security of Texas during its period of significance, the property is nominated at the state level of significance.


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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria