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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Eisenhower Birthplace
Reference Number 16000718
State TX
County Grayson
Town Denison
Street Address 720 S. Lamar
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 10/11/2016
Areas of Significance Conservation
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The Eisenhower Birthplace at 720 South Lamar Street in Denison, Texas, is the house in which Dwight D. Eisenhower was born in 1890. In 1942, General Eisenhower first became a national figure for his role as Commander of U.S. forces in Europe, spurring Denison residents to identify the precise location of his birth. Local citizens, most notably members of women's groups including the Denison Garden Club, and Gold Star Mothers, soon began efforts to preserve the home as a historic site. The City of Denison purchased the property in 1945, and efforts to furnish, beautify, and interpret the significance of the house were underway when Eisenhower visited the property in 1946. Public interest in the birthplace surged upon Eisenhower's election as President in 1952, and in 1953 a statewide foundation formed to raise funds for the building's restoration, and the transformation of the surrounding residential neighborhood into a park. In 1955, the city deeded the property to the Eisenhower Birthplace Foundation, which completed restoration and transferred the property to the State Parks Board in 1958. Today the birthplace is part of the Eisenhower Birthplace State Historic Site, operated and maintained by the Texas Historical Commission. The property is nominated to the National Register under Criterion A, in the area of Conservation, at the state level of significance in recognition of the successful efforts led by the citizens of Denison to purchase and restore the house, establish a museum, and host President Eisenhower during his visits to the place he was born. The period of significance is 1942 to 1958. The property meets Criteria Consideration C (Birthplace) because it derives its primary significance for its later discovery, preservation, and transformation into a state-owned historic site.

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria