|The Magoffin Historic District encompasses the only collection of Late Victorian period brick houses in the early downtown residential districts'most were lost to the freeway construction and commercial re-development. The houses date to a period of rapid growth immediately after the rail roads arrived and lasting until the Great Depression. Street scenes offer visual representation of a pre-automobile residential neighborhood complete with narrow lots, brick buildings with small front yards close to the sidewalk, wrought iron fences, and with alley access. This view is juxtaposed with the skyline of downtown El Paso only a few blocks away (Photo 33). In addition, the district contains several unique and historically significant properties including individual apartment buildings, churches, a school, a low-income housing project for seniors, and a Texas State Historic Site. Each property attests to a period of time and association with events and periods of change in El Paso's history. Magoffin Historic District is significant under Criterion A of the National Register for its association with events and/or persons that have made a significant contribution to the broad patterns of local history under the category of Community Development. The Magoffin Historic District is significant under Criterion C for Architecture as a majority of the buildings embody the type, period, or method of construction representing a distinguishable entity in time and reflects several eras in El Paso history. One-hundred and seventy-three buildings are recognized as contributing to the historical character of the district, are able to convey a sense of history, and many are considered exemplary of period building styles and types. Several landmark buildings retain sufficient integrity to be individually eligible for the National Register, based on their architectural significance.