|San Felipe de Austin Historic and Archaeological District contains a large portion of the original townsite of San Felipe de Austin (San Felipe), the capital of Stephen F. Austin's colony, and for a time, the seat of the provisional Government of Texas. The town was founded in 1823 by Stephen F. Austin and became his colony's social, economic, and political center. In the 1830s, San Felipe hosted political conventions critical to the Texas Revolution. Near the end of the Texas Revolution, General Sam Houston's army retreated through San Felipe after the fall of the Alamo. On March 30, 1836, the garrison defending the town burned it to the ground to prevent it being taken by the pursuing Mexican army. In the years that followed, San Felipe saw only limited reoccupation. A commemorative park was established at the site in 1928 to honor Austin and the townsite and its importance to Texas history. Establishment of the park has functioned to preserve historic archaeological resources from the era of Stephen F. Austin and the Texas Revolution and subsurface material remains largely undisturbed. San Felipe de Austin Historic and Archaeological District is nominated for listing in the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) under Criterion D at the state level of significance in the area of Archeology/Historic-Non-Aboriginal for its potential to provide important information about San Felipe de Austin, its past inhabitants, and its role in the colonization and ultimate independence of Texas. Its period of significance is 1823 to 1836, or the time period between the town's initial platting and its destruction during the Texas Revolution. It is also nominated for NRHP listing under Criterion A, in the area of Conservation for the early twentieth century development of the commemorative park honoring Stephen F. Austin and the townsite, also at the state level of significance, with a period of significance from 1928 to 1966. Because the commemorative function of this park is over fifty years old and possesses significance based on its own values, it successfully meets Criterion Consideration F.