|The Santa Fe Hospital at 600 SE Madison Street in Topeka, Shawnee County, Kansas has statewide significance under National Register Criterion A in the area of Healthcare. The nominated property - the 'new' hospital building - occupies the site where Topeka's first Santa Fe Hospital was built in 1896 and stood until 1952 when it was razed for expansion of the 1930 building. The Santa Fe Hospital Association, founded in 1884 built the existing hospital in 1930 to replace the outdated and overcrowded building. The Association owned and operated the hospital(s) representing one of Santa Fe's industry-leading employee benefits. Topeka's Santa Fe Hospital exemplifies the commitment Santa Fe made to its employees to provide quality medical care, a fact borne out by its almost constant efforts at modernization. The 1930 hospital was expanded in the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s not only accommodating medical advancements but broadening its services to include outpatient and long-term care for the company's employees. The hospital complex reflects its period of construction and expansion and continues to convey associations with its original function. The largest of the railroad's hospitals, the Topeka hospital not only provided patient care but also served as home to Santa Fe's Hospital Association, the railroad's chief surgeon and the medical dispensary. The hospital signifies Santa Fe's commitment to the capital city and is a physical reflection of the shared history of Topeka and Santa Fe as the railroad and city grew. The building's period of significance spans from the building's construction in 1930 to 1966, reflecting the date of federal legislation creating Medicare and the hospital opening its doors to the public. Renamed Memorial Hospital in 1972 the hospital closed in 1989 after filing for bankruptcy; the last of Santa Fe's seven hospitals to do so.