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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Civilian Conservation Corps Camp S-90 (Speculator)
Reference Number 16000485
State NY
County Hamilton
Town Lake Pleasant
Street Address 117 Page St.
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 8/2/2016
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Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) Camp S-90 (Speculator) is significant at the state level under Criterion A: Social History and Recreation and Criterion C: Architecture as the most intact surviving Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) camp in New York State. The first CCC camp in Lake Pleasant Camp 11/S-59 opened on June 18, 1933, less than three months after Congress authorized the national program. A tent camp, it was established on state land and closed in the fall when its men were transferred to a year-round camp in Chenango County, NY. CCC Camp S-90 (Speculator) opened the following May on nearby private land with Company 2206 of World War I veterans. Over the summer and fall, most of the buildings associated with the camp were constructed by local labor. On October 25, 1935, the veterans were replaced by Company 1208 of juniors - men aged 17-28. This company remained at Lake Pleasant until the camp (and almost all remaining CCC camps in New York State) closed in late November, 1941. In the eight years of Camp Speculator, the CCC enrollees built and improved facilities at seven state campgrounds, reforested state land, eradicated host plants associated with blister rust, fought forest fires, and searched for missing persons. Despite the fact that only five buildings and two sites survive to represent the CCC's occupation of the site, the relatively rarity of this camp no other concentration of CCC buildings survives with this degree of integrity in New York combined with the enormous importance of the CCC in the history of the state and the development of the state campground system, makes the site eligible for the National Register. In addition, the buildings that survive represent both the public and domestic functions of the camp and retain their original locations, form, materials and designs. The architectural plans and amount of historic documentation related to the operation of this camp further enhance our understanding of CCC Camp Speculator and its significance to the community and to the development of New York State recreation facilities.

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria