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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Childress Commercial & Civic Historic District
Reference Number 16000349
State Texas
County Childress
Town Childress
Street Address Roughly Bounded by Third Street NW, Avenue A, Second Street NE, and Avenue I, plus Fair Park and the property at 810 Avenue I NE.
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 6/7/2016
Areas of Significance Community Planning and Development, Commerce, Architecture
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Beginning with its establishment in 1887 along the Fort Worth and Denver City Railroad, the city of Childress, Texas, grew to become a regionally-important commercial and civic center in an area based largely on a ranching and agricultural economy. The Childress Commercial & Civic Historic District includes an impressive assortment of significant commercial, civic, educational, and recreation properties that reflect the thoughtfully-planned physical development of the city through the post-World War II period. The central business district north of the railroad tracks features a variety of commercial architecture found throughout the state, especially in the South Plains and Panhandle regions, reflecting vernacular tastes, and interpretations of popular and high-style design. The district also includes several significant architect-designed civic and educational buildings from the early and mid-twentieth century, as well as several examples of New Deal Era construction, including a massive high school football stadium. The overall feeling of the district, which is laid out in distinct functional zones along eight city blocks, is very much intact. The district is nominated under Criterion A in the areas of Commerce and Community Planning and Development, and Criterion C in the area of Architecture, at the local level of significance. The period of significance spans from 1892, which is the date of the earliest extant resource in the district, to 1966, which is the fifty-year cutoff for National Register eligibility.

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria