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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Beth Olam Cemetery
Reference Number 16000254
State New York
County Kings
Town Brooklyn and Queens
Street Address 2 Cypress Hills Street
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 5/16/2016
Areas of Significance Art, Architecture, Social History, Ethnic Heritage: Jewish
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Beth Olam Cemetery is significant under National Register criteria A & C as an example of a designed rural cemetery type containing burials from three of the oldest synagogues in New York City. In plan, the cemetery includes characteristic elements, such as gently sloping hills, handsome entry gates, large deciduous and coniferous trees, and an asymmetric layout. It illustrates the development of burial customs in urban areas, the evolution of cemetery types, and the history of Judaism in New York City. Because it is shared by both Sephardic and Ashkenazy congregations, the cemetery's burials also illustrate the different customs of these different Jewish traditions. The surnames of the interred vary according to which congregation they belonged to, a visual representation of the community development of each synagogue and the history of Judaism in New York City. The cemetery is the final resting place of many prominent individuals of each of the congregations, including individuals of national renown.

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria