|Beth Olam Cemetery is significant under National Register criteria A & C as an example of a designed rural cemetery type containing burials from three of the oldest synagogues in New York City. In plan, the cemetery includes characteristic elements, such as gently sloping hills, handsome entry gates, large deciduous and coniferous trees, and an asymmetric layout. It illustrates the development of burial customs in urban areas, the evolution of cemetery types, and the history of Judaism in New York City. Because it is shared by both Sephardic and Ashkenazy congregations, the cemetery's burials also illustrate the different customs of these different Jewish traditions. The surnames of the interred vary according to which congregation they belonged to, a visual representation of the community development of each synagogue and the history of Judaism in New York City. The cemetery is the final resting place of many prominent individuals of each of the congregations, including individuals of national renown.