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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Western Electric Company- Tarheel Army Missile Plant
Reference Number 16000219
State North Carolina
County Alamance
Town Burlington
Street Address 204 Graham-Hopedale Road
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 5/2/2016
Areas of Significance Architecture, Industry
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The Western Electric Company- Tar heel Army Missile Plant meets National Register of Historic Places Criterion A for industry and Criterion C for architecture. The complex's primary local significance stems from its use for military-related manufacturing, product development, and testing. In February 1942, as part of a national campaign to repurpose underutilized industrial plants during World War II, the Defense Plant Corporation acquired three tracts encompassing 211.26 acres from Washington National Insurance Company. The Hagerstown, Maryland-based Fairchild Engine and Airplane Corporation immediately leased the complex and used it to manufacture twin-engine, laminated-plywood airplanes for the war effort from May 1943 through September 1944. The following month, Fairchild's Duramold Division became the Burlington plant's sole occupant. In December, Firestone Rubber announced that it would utilize the facility to manufacture ordinance for the United States Army. Firestone vacated the complex after World War II's end in August 1945.

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria