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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.

 

Property Name Capitol View Historic District
Reference Number 16000195
State Georgia
County Fulton
Town Atlanta
Street Address Roughly bounded by Hartford Pl., Metropolitan Pkwy., Fairbanks St., western bounda ry of Perkerson Park, Sylvan Rd., and Division Pl.
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 4/22/2016
Areas of Significance COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT, ARCHITECTURE
Link to full file http://www.nps.gov/nr/feature/places/pdfs/16000195B.pdf
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The Capitol View Historic District is significant at the local level under Criterion A in the area of community planning and development and under Criterion C in the area of architecture for its importance to the city of Atlanta as an early settlement that evolved into a streetcar and automobile suburb on the south side during the period of significance from c.1867 to 1966. After the Civil War, a few farming families moved into the area that would later become Capitol View, including Frederick Deckner and his children. Several Deckner houses still survive in the district. The first subdivision development was by William David Beatie's Suburban Realty Company, which advertised houses and lots between 1908 and 1911 as a desirable modestly priced suburb "on one of the few streetcar lines which do not pass through a negro settlement." A series of plats for different sub-areas by different developers followed. Growth accelerated after Capitol View was annexed by the city in 1913. Stewart Avenue became a major automobile thoroughfare and commercial area after it was paved as part of the Dixie Highway in the 1920s. A section of war worker housing was developed in Capitol View in the early 1940s. Mostly blue-collar workers continued the population growth. By the early 1970s, a major demographic shift occurred as African Americans bought houses in Capitol View. The Capitol View Historic District is significant in the area of community planning and development, because it represents an early streetcar suburb in Atlanta that reflects some of the predominant national trends of its time. It was built in response to the rapid population growth of Atlanta and the need for affordable housing on the south side of the city. The district retains the same gridiron layout of streets and lots. The district is also significant in the area of architecture for its good intact collection of 1 00 years of house types and styles found in middle-class neighborhoods in Georgia, as identified in the statewide context Georgia's Living Places: Historic Houses in Their Landscaped Settings.

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria