National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior

National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Southern Railway Building
Reference Number 16000194
State District of Columbia
County DC
Town Washington, DC
Street Address 1500 K Street NW
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 4/26/2016
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The Southern Railway Building at 15th and K Streets, NW meets National Register Criteria A and C at the local level of significance with Community Planning and Development and Architecture as the Areas of Significance. The Southern Railway Building was constructed in 1928-29 as the executive headquarters building for the Southern Railway Company at a time when the company operated a system of over 125 merged southern railroads and was considered one of the country's most successful railroad conglomerates. The headquarters building at 15th and K Streets was the first purpose-built building by the company in the city. Upon its founding in 1894, the Southern Railway Company established its headquarters in Washington at 13th Street and Pennsylvania Avenue in a building that had been constructed in 1871 as the offices for the National Republican newspaper and later became the offices of the Richmond and Danville Railroad. This first Southern Railway Building, long a landmark on Pennsylvania Avenue, suffered a major fire in 1916, resulting in its demolition a few weeks later. A new building was erected to replace the charred ruins, but this building was demolished ten years later when the federal government acquired the property as part of its plans for the Federal Triangle.

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria