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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name American Furnace Company
Reference Number 15001019
State Missouri
County St. Louis
Town St. Louis
Street Address 1300 Hampton Avenue
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 2/2/2016
Areas of Significance Architecture
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The American Furnace Company (AFCO) at 1300 Hampton Avenue, St. Louis (Independent City), Missouri is an excellent example of a mid-twentieth-century Streamlined Moderne style company headquarters, showroom and local distribution warehouse. The property includes two contributing resources: the building constructed for AFCO in 1950 and an original parking lot (contributing) that comprises the southwest portion of the parcel. The property also includes a non-contributing contemporary free-standing sign at the northwest end of the parcel. AFCO is nominated under Criterion C: Architecture. The commercial/showroom warehouse provides an excellent (and late) example of its streamlined style, yet it is an early example of post World War II building methodologies, as illustrated by its functionalism and incorporation of prefabricated materials. Though the building incorporates a mixture of traditional building materials such as brick, concrete and steel, construction methods reflect mid-twentieth-century influences uncommon prior to World War II. The building's Moderne influences are strongly exhibited through its exterior curved walls, ribbon windows and banded details, as well as interior flourishes most evident in the main lobby and original administrative spaces. AFCO is locally significant. The building's period of significance is 1950, the year that AFCO was constructed.

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria