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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Mill Neck School
Reference Number 15000957
State North Carolina
County Hertford
Town Como
Street Address 123 Mill Neck Road, the portion of the tax parcel south of the road
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 1/5/2016
Areas of Significance Black Ethnic Heritage, Education, Architecture
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Mill Neck School meets Criterion A for listing in the National Register. It is significant for its association with African American education in northern Hertford County from 1927 until 1959. This school was one often public schools in the county financed and constructed with the assistance of the Rosenwald Fund, established when philanthropist Julius Rosenwald and educator Booker T. Washington formed the basic partnership that led to the construction of these schools for African American children throughout the American South. Mill Neck School served all African American students within the Maneys Neck Township communities of Mill Neck, Como, and Riddicksville, which were close to the Chowan River, near the Virginia border, and remote from the rest of the county. The period of significance begins in 1927, the year Mill Neck School's construction was completed, and ends in 1959 when the building ceased its function as a school after its students were transferred to ""consolidated,"" more modern, African American schools in Hertford County. As an intact example of Rosenwald Fund community two-teacher school plan 20-A, Mill Neck School meets Criterion C . The distinctive characteristics of the two-teacher school floor plan, finishes, and design have not been significantly altered by the addition on the north end of the third classroom ca. 1928-30. Although Mill Creek Missionary Baptist Church has owned the lot and school building since 1998, Hertford County Board of Education owned the property during Mill Neck Rosenwald School's operation. Therefore, Mill Neck School meets Criterion Consideration A.

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria