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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Culbreth, Dr. Neil and Nancy Elizabeth , House
Reference Number 15000955
State North Carolina
County Columbus
Town Whiteville
Street Address 251 Washington Street
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 1/5/2016
Areas of Significance ARCHITECTURE
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The Dr. Neil and Nancy Elizabeth Culbreth House is locally significant and meets Criterion C in the area of architecture as an intact example of a dwelling that melds the vernacular Italianate style with classical elements, most notable the monumental Greek Revival style portico and post-and-lintel mantels. The house, built by wealthy Whiteville merchant Thomas S. Memory for his daughter and her husband, retains its original form and massing as well as interior and exterior materials and decorative elements, including bracketed cornices, faceted columns and capitals, round-arched-head double-hung sash, highly ornate door hardware, and a turned stair newel. The Culbreth House relates to several nineteenth-century dwellings located in southeastern North Carolina in which the columns on its classical portico rest on individual brick piers separate from the porch floor. In this case, the portico shelters not only a porch, but also a suspended balcony. The period of significance is ca. 1874, the approximate year of construction. No other examples of the Italianate style have been identified in Columbus County, although it was a moderately popular style in towns across eastern North Carolina in the late nineteenth century.

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria