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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name The Wireless Station
Reference Number 15000843
State Alaska
County Anchorage
Town Anchorage
Street Address 124, 132, 140 East Manor Avenue (3 buildings)
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 12/1/2015
Areas of Significance Communications, Exploration/Settlement
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The federal Alaska Engineering Commission constructed a building in 1917 in Anchorage for radio communications, known as the Wireless Station, to facilitate building the government's Alaska Railroad. Anchorage had been selected in 1915 to be one of the AEC's major construction camps. The Wireless Station's radio receiving and transmitting system initially had a 500-mile radius, but soon was upgraded to connect with Seattle and the rest of the world. In 1921 the government allowed private citizens access to the system to send messages. The federal government's Washington-Alaska Military Cable and Telegraph System, of which the Wireless Station in Anchorage became a part in 1923 after the railroad was completed, became the Alaska Communication System in 1936. The Anchorage Wireless Station could reach ships at sea. In addition, its cupola served as a beacon for captains to locate the port of Anchorage. In 1950 ACS did its last upgrading of the station's buildings. A few years later it closed the station. The three buildings of the Wireless Station stand as an excellent example of a federal government agency's complex that provided essential communication service for a major construction project then for the residents of Anchorage from 1917 to 1950.

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria