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The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.

 

Property Name Balloon Hangar at Henrv Post Army Airfield
Reference Number 15000826
State Oklahoma
County Comanche
Town Fort Sill
Street Address 5037 Tucker Road
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 11/20/2015
Areas of Significance Military, Architecture, Engineering
Link to full file https://www.nps.gov/nr/feature/places/pdfs/15000826.pdf
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The Balloon Hangar at Henry Post Army Airfield (Post Field), Fort Sill, Oklahoma, is eligible for the National Register of Historic Places under Criterion A for its association with the evolution of Army aviation activities, particularly balloons, during the years between World War I and World War II. During these interwar years, much experimentation occurred with both lighter-than-air and heavier-than-air aircraft, all of which contributed to the embedding of aviation into the Army's tactics and training, a trend that continues to the present day. Although lighter-than-air activities provided a tangible advantage for ground forces, the inflatables were increasingly overshadowed throughout the interwar period until finally eclipsed by their heavierthan- air counterparts. The Balloon Hangar at Post Field is emblematic of the lighter-than-air activities that occurred not only at Fort Sill's Post Field but at Army airfields across the nation. Under Criterion C, the Balloon Hangar at Post Field is historically significant in the areas of architecture and engineering as a distinctive, military-related, eight-story, metal balloon hangar. Architecturally, the Balloon Hangar is overwhelmingly utilitarian in style; however, the building is a highly distinctive property type that makes a unique contribution to the built environment. From an engineering standpoint, the building represents the unusual construction challenges necessary to construct a 103 foot tall building that included a predominately open interior and massive doors that used outriggers to completely clear the opening. The hangar is eligible at the national level of significance because it represents an important aspect of the military's early twentieth century aviation activities. The hangar is also nationally significant because it is one of only a few extant, eight-story, metal balloon hangars constructed by the Army during the interwar years and it is an exemplary example of this unusual type of building as it not only retains its character-defining design elements but was used by the Army as a balloon hangar for an eight-year period. The period of significance for the Balloon Hangar begins in 1934 to correspond with the initiation of construction activities on the building. The period of significance extends to 1943 when balloon activities at Post Field ceased.

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria