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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Reference Number 15000819
State New York
County Erie
Town Buffalo
Street Address 545 Swan Street (aka 519 Hamburg Street)
Multiple Property Submission Name Historic Resources of the Hydraulics/Larkin Neighborhood
Status Listed 11/24/2015
Areas of Significance Architecture, Commerce/Industry
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The Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Company (A&P) Warehouse is locally significant under Criterion A in the area of industry for its association with the Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Company, the largest retail grocer in the United States for much of the twentieth century. The building is located within the dense, mixed-use Hydraulics Neighborhood. This neighborhood has been surveyed and noted in the Multiple Property Documentation Form (2009) as significant as one of Buffalo's earliest, distinct neighborhood and Buffalo's first manufacturing district. The Hydraulics neighborhood dates to the 1820s and was home to numerous industrial and manufacturing facilities from the nineteenth and early twentieth century. It correlates with the period of transition for the Hydraulics neighborhood towards railroad transportation instead of canals. The building was constructed as the Buffalo regional headquarters and divisional warehouse and offices of A&P and marks a period of decentralized management within the growing company which put more emphasis on divisional operations. A&P began in 1859 as a mail-order business in downtown Manhattan, but by 1925 operated more than thirteen thousand grocery stores nationwide with more than forty thousand employees. This company is credited as the originator of the supermarket, with the company's history serving as a chronicle of how America's shopping industry shifted from small merchant-based specialty shops to full service markets with unlimited merchandise.

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria