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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.

 

Property Name Rockland Rural Historic District
Reference Number 15000809
State Virginia
County Warren
Town Front Royal
Street Address Approximately 10,382 acres roughly bounded by the Clarke County line on the north, the Shenandoah River on the south and east, and the northern part of Winchester Road and the Norfolk Southern Railroad on the west.
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 11/17/2015
Areas of Significance ARCHITECTURE, AGRICULTURE, ETHNIC HERITAGE: African American, EXPLORATION/SETTLEMENT, TRANSPORTATION
Link to full file https://www.nps.gov/nr/feature/places/pdfs/15000809.pdf
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The Rockland Rural Historic District encompasses roughly 10,000 acres of pristine agricultural land in northern Warren County, Virginia, including farmland adjacent to a portion of the Shenandoah River. The district includes a portion of Thomas Lord Fairfax's original holdings on both sides of the Shenandoah River in the area along with several early land grants to prominent Tidewater, Virginia, families, most notably Robert "King" Carter and subsequently his heirs. The area was originally part of Frederick County and it was not until 1836 that Warren County was created from portions of Frederick and Shenandoah counties. Before 1836, area residents within the district looked to White Post or Millwood to the north to conduct their business; after 1836, the primary town for this area was the new Warren County seat at Front Royal. Characterized by a number of historic farmsteads, one community cemetery, a number of family burial grounds, a virtually unaltered road system, and several very small crossroads communities with three schools and three small churches, the Rockland Rural Historic District retains a high level of both physical and visual integrity that convey the story of its growth and development from the late 18th century to modern times. Much of the Rockland Historic District's history and evolution are shared with the Greenway Rural Historic District in neighboring Clarke County (NRHP, 1993, 1997, 2007).

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria