National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior

National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Navesink Military Reservation Historic District
Reference Number 15000011
State New Jersey
County Monmouth
Town Middletown Township
Street Address Grand Tour Road and Portland Road, Hartshorne Woods Park
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 10/13/2015
Areas of Significance Military, Engineering
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The Navesink Military Reservation, established in 1942 as a sub-installation of Fort Hancock on Sandy Hook, is eligible for the National Register under Criterion A for its primary role in the Harbor Defenses of New York, the nation�s largest and most important city, during World War II, the largest military conflict in the history of the United States. In a ranking of Armaments in Order of Tactical Importance for the protection of New York Harbor, the U.S. Army in 1944 identified the Reservation�s 16-inch gun Battery Lewis as No. 1 and its 6-inch gun Battery 219 as No. 5. In addition to Battery Lewis being the most important Primary Armament or long-range battery protecting New York Harbor, Battery 219 was the most important Secondary Armament or medium-range battery.

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria