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The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.

 

Property Name Harrison's Guest House
Reference Number 15000009
State Nevada
County Clark
Town Las Vegas
Street Address 1001 F. Street
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 5/3/2016
Areas of Significance ETHNIC HERITAGE/Black, ENTERTAINMENT/RECREATION
Link to full file http://www.nps.gov/nr/feature/places/pdfs/15000009.pdf
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Harrison's Guest House is significant at the local level under Criterion A in the area of Ethnic Heritage-Black as an African American boarding house that provided accommodations to black entertainers and divorce-seekers in Las Vegas during the mid-twentieth century. It is also significant at the local level in the area of Entertainment/Recreation for providing boarding services for some of the twentieth century's leading African American entertainers in Las Vegas and on the Las Vegas Strip, including Nat King Cole, Pearl Bailey, and Sammy Davis, Jr.. As in other cities in the West, African Americans who moved to Las Vegas during and after the Second World War faced racial segregation as a matter of law and social practice. Boarding houses became one of the few options available for African Americans who were new arrivals to a community or were traveling through the region. In Las Vegas, a section of the town developed as a distinctly African American neighborhood during the 1930s and 1940s, referred to as the Name of Property County and State Section 8 page 12 Westside. This neighborhood was roughly bounded by Bonanza Avenue and U.S. Interstate 15 on the south, B Street on the east, Van Buren Avenue on the north, and H Street on the west. Harrison's Guest House stands as the only known surviving example of an African American boarding house in Las Vegas from the segregation era. The National Register currently recognizes four other sites associated with Las Vega's African American history, including the Berkley Square Historic District (NRIS 09000846), the Westside School (NRIS 79001460), the Clark Avenue Railroad Underpass (NRIS 03001509), and the Moulin Rouge Hotel (NRIS 92001701) listed in 1992 but burned in 2009 and partially demolished in 2010.

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria