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The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Debar Pond Lodge
Reference Number 14001048
State NY
County Franklin
Town Duane
Street Address Debar Park Rd.
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 12/16/2014
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Debar Pond Lodge is an architecturally and historically significant property located in Franklin County, New York. Built at the head of Debar Pond, a picturesque body of water nestled in the saddle between Baldface and Debar mountains in the Town of Duane, the nominated resource represents a ca. 1939-40 building campaign the principal feature of which was the main lodge, built to the designs of Saranac Lake architect William G. Distin. The construction of this camp, undertaken for the family of Arthur Wheeler, followed an earlier period of development that had been initiated in the 1880s by German-born brewer Robert Schroeder, who established an extensive hop-growing operation on the nominated property and saw to the construction of a sizeable dwelling the lavishness of which was widely noted. Following the collapse of Schroder's business interests, the property fell into dereliction and was eventually sold. The existing buildings, structures and infrastructure appear to date to the Wheeler ownership period and later; all tangible evidence of Schroeder's earlier agricultural and domestic infrastructure appears to have been lost. The centerpiece of the nomination is the lodge, a rambling rustic affair designed by Distin and sited so as to capitalize on the scenery of Debar Pond. A native of Plattsburgh, Clinton County and a protege of noted Adirondack architect William Coulter, Distin enjoyed a productive architectural practice in the region from the early 1910s into the middle years of the century. Debar Lodge ranks among Distin's major and mature-period designs, along with Camp Wonundra, ca.1934, Eagle Nest, ca. 1937 and Camp Minnowbrook, ca. 1948. For it, Distin combined an exterior of rustic conception, predicated on the use of a log veneer, with an interior of eclectic rustic conception the plan of which hinged on the centrally placed Great Room. The main lodge survives with a high degree of physical integrity and in an intact and evocative mountain setting with a full complement of outbuildings. It is being nominated in association with Criterion A, in the area of Entertainment/Recreation, for its direct association with Adirondack tourism in the first half of the twentieth century, and under Criterion C, as an example of Adirondack camp design from the first-half of the twentieth century and as an important work of noted regional architect William Distin.

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria