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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Circle Line X (sightseeing vessel )
Reference Number 14000702
State New York
County New York
Town Manhattan
Street Address Pier 83 and West 42nd Street
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 9/22/2014
Areas of Significance Entertainment/Recreation
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The Circle Line X, a sightseeing vessel with New York City's famed Circle Line Sightseeing Cruises Company, satisfies Criterion A in the area of Entertainment/Recreation for its direct association with New York City's tourism industry at a time when the nation was emerging from the privations of war to enjoy the leisure and prosperity that marked the second half of the twentieth century. The Circle Line X started life as a Landing Craft Infantry (LCI) Large (L) in World War II. Originally named LCI (L)-758, it was built at the Commercial Iron Works in Portland, Oregon in 1944. When she was decommissioned, she was reconfigured as a sightseeing vessel. The design that made these boats uniquely suited to landing on beaches during significant World War II battles worked equally well on the rivers that surround New York City. In 1951, she was acquired by Normandy Sightseeing and renamed Normandy Two. In 1953, Day Line Sightseeing bought her and renamed her Normandy. Circle Line Sightseeing Yachts, Inc., bought the vessel in 1955 and refitted her to Circle Line standards. Her new name was Circle Line Sightseer X, which was later shortened to Circle Line X. She carried 500 passengers on the 35-mile cruise around Manhattan Island. The vessel was retired in 2007 and plans call for it to become a museum. Circle Line X is one of a number of WWII landing crafts that were altered after the war to serve peacetime uses. Some became merchant vessels, but a number, like Circle Line X, were redesigned to serve as sightseeing vessels. Of those known to have served in this capacity, Circle Line X is one of six purchased by the Circle Line Sightseeing Company; the vessel is highly intact and has the most decorated history by far.

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria