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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.

 

Property Name Pierce Street Historic District
Reference Number 14000527
State Virginia
County Lynchburg
Town Lynchburg
Street Address 1300-1400 Blocks of Pierce Street, 1300 Block (odd numbers) Fillmore Street. 1300 Block Buchanan (even numbers)
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 8/25/2014
Areas of Significance ETHNIC HERITAGE: Black
Link to full file https://www.nps.gov/nr/feature/places/pdfs/14000527.pdf
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The Pierce Street Historic District encompasses approximately 5 acres of urban residential neighborhood to the south of Lynchburg's central business district and just north of the Kemper Street Industrial Historic District. The district includes 26 contributing resources and 6 noncontributing resources. Two properties within the historic district, the Anne Spencer House and the Dr. Walter John House and Tennis Court, are individually listed in the NRHP. The district has a period of significance beginning in 1862 with the creation of Camp Davis, which after the Civil War served as a safe haven for formerly enslaved African Americans under the auspices of the Freedmen's Bureau. The period of significance ends in 1964. 1 Following its use as a military camp and hospital during the Civil War and Reconstruction, the district began developing as a residential neighborhood. By the 1870s, property in the district was being purchased by African Americans who established homes, businesses, and places of worship in a small, two-block cloister surrounded by predominately white neighbors. Over time, an environment developed that fostered the creation or support of notable African American figures in education, literature, aviation, sports, and medicine over multiple generations, making it locally significant under Criterion A in the area of Ethnic Heritage for its role as a micro-neighborhood that celebrated African American growth and culture from the late nineteenth century through the mid-twentieth century. The district displays substantial integrity of location, material, association, design, and workmanship.

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria