National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior

National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Great Western Railroad Depot
Reference Number 14000510
State Illinois
County Sangamon
Town Springfield
Street Address 930 East Monroe Street
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 8/25/2014
Areas of Significance TRANSPORTATION
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Springfield, Illinois' Great Western Railroad Depot is locally significant as the city's last remaining link with its earliest phase of railroad history. Railroads made it possible for Springfield and the surrounding county to move from pioneer settlement/subsistence agriculture to a market economy. By 1900 the city was the capital of one of the wealthiest states in the union. In 1830 no railroads existed in Illinois. By 1860 railroads were among the leading and most powerful corporations in Illinois and the country, well on their way to reshaping the United States physically, financially, socially and culturally. The Great Western Railroad Depot meets Criterion A for listing in the National Register of Historic Places for Transportation. Its period of significance is 1852-1941, the years it was associated with the Great Western and Wabash railroads. It became a tourist destination for its association with Abraham Lincoln, who gave his farewell address here to the city before leaving for Washington, D.C. in 1861. It was first designated a local landmark in 1915.

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria