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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Northern Ohio Blanket Mills
Reference Number 14000353
State Ohio
County Cuyahoga
Town Cleveland
Street Address 3160 West 33rd St.; 3401 Paris Ave.; 3166 West 33rd St.; 3167 Fulton Rd.
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 6/27/2014
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Northern Ohio Blanket Mills is significant under Criterion A: in the area of Commerce and Industry, for its association with the manufacturing of woolen horse blankets and carriage robes, being the largest such manufacturer in the United States and one of the largest in the world by 1895; 7 and in the area of Ethnic Heritage, for its association with enterprising immigrants representing the national growth of the manufacturing industry fueled by the skills and perseverance of German and English immigrants who provided labor and entrepreneurial skills to Cleveland and brought the city into the Industrial Age. 8 In the late 19th and early 20th century, Cleveland became a busy woolen textile/garment product and woolen manufacturing center. Beckman, Senior & Co. and later The Beckman Co., operating as Northern Ohio Blanket Mills, provided woolen products for the popular late 19th century transportation mode of horse and carriage. With the advent of the automobile by the first quarter of the 20th century, the company increased and diversified its product line to include woolen items for use in automobiles, as well as for sleeping porches, lounging, tents and camping, yachting, as steamer blankets and power boat rugs, as well as a large line of bed blankets especially for institutional use. The company remained the largest of its kind in the United States until the mid to late 1920s. With economic downturn leading to the Great Depression and the passing of the company president in 1927, The Beckman Co. resigned to dissolution in 1932.

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria