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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.

 

Property Name Shirley Hills Historic District (Boundary Increase and Additional Documentation)
Reference Number 14000269
State Georgia
County Bibb
Town Macon
Street Address Roughly bounded by Nottingham Rd., Boulevard Ave., Briarcliff Road, Upper River Rd., Woodland Dr., and Waverland Cir.
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 5/27/2014
Areas of Significance ARCHITECTURE, COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT, LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE
Link to full file https://www.nps.gov/nr/feature/places/pdfs/14000269.pdf
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Shirley Hills is significant at the local level under Criterion C in the area of architecture because it includes excellent examples of early 20th-century houses, such as Colonial Revival-style houses and Craftsman-style bungalows, and because it includes a substantial concentration of mid-20th-century houses, including ranch houses and split-level houses, many designed by the city's most prominent architects. This first development of Shirley Hills was listed in the National Register in 1989 at the state level of significance and is included in this boundary increase and additional documentation. That level of significance remains the same for the following two areas of significance. Shirley Hills is significant at the state level under Criterion A in the area of landscape architecture because it was a planned community with restrictive covenants that governed its appearance and because its 1922 plan by landscape architects, J. L. Hoffman and Company, capitalized on the hilly terrain with winding streets that follow the topography and by using low-lying areas for parks. The Shirley Hills Addition, first laid out in 1938, continued northward the pattern of winding streets and wooded lots. Shirley Hills is also significant at the state level under Criterion C in the area of community planning and development as an excellent and virtually unique planned subdivision designed and developed on the concept of a picturesque setting for an early 20th-century, upper-middle-class neighborhood. It also represents the migration of Macon's middle- and uppermiddle-class residents away from the densely developed downtown neighborhoods. This amendment: 1) extends the period of significance to 1967; 2) enlarges the boundaries of the Shirley Hills Historic District to include later developments to the north; and 3) reevaluates the National Register eligibility of each property in the amended historic district. The period of significance is from 1922 when Shirley Hills was first platted, to 1967, the date of construction of the last community landmark building located within the district.

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria