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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.

 

Property Name Meridian Hill Historic District
Reference Number 14000211
State Washington, DC
County
Town Washington, DC
Street Address 2201-2319 15th Street; 2400-2600 blocks of 15th and 16th Street; 2600-3000 blocks of 16th Street; 1600 block of Crescent Place , NW
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 5/21/2014
Areas of Significance COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT, ARCHITECTURE
Link to full file https://www.nps.gov/nr/feature/places/pdfs/14000211.pdf
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With its important collection of grand Beaux Arts-style mansions, foreign legations, luxury apartment buildings and religious edifices to either side of a formal park, the Meridian Hill Historic District provides a unique illustration of how the City Beautiful Movement inspired the development of Washington as an international city beyond the National Mall. The historic district occupies a prominent site at an important rise in the topography of the city and includes the stretches of 15th and 16th Streets from Florida Avenue on the south to beyond Columbia Road on the north, including the magnificent neo-Classical style Meridian Hill Park. The architectural sophistication of the buildings of Meridian Hill reinforces the urbanistic importance of 16th Street as a major avenue of the L'Enfant Plan emanating from the city's symbolic center. More particularly, the historic district reflects the singular imagination and influence of Mary Foote Henderson and her husband, Senator John Brooks Henderson in creating and beautifying 16th Street and Meridian Hill as a prestigious enclave during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The district also reflects the contributions of notable architects, diplomats, developers and, of particular note, other women of means, in creating this exclusive area.

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria