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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Happy Holler Historic District
Reference Number 14000185
State Tennessee
County Knox
Town Knoxville
Street Address 1200-1209 and 1211 N. Central Street; 103 and 105 East Anderson A venue; 109 and 115 West Anderson Avenue.
Multiple Property Submission Name Historic and Architectural Resources in Knoxville and Knox County, Tennessee
Status Listed 4/23/2014
Link to full file
This early 20th-century district, known by its Depression-era moniker as"Happy Holler", located in Knoxville (Knox County), Tennessee, is eligible under Criterion A as an example of an early one-part block suburban shopping district. Its establishments were created in response to the development of Knoxville's trolley suburbs and the growth of nearby textile mill housing. The district, with its modest early 20th-century commercial buildings, maintains the setting, location, design, materials, and feeling of a place where generations shopped and patronized service businesses and entertainment venues. Happy Holler's period of significance extends from 1909, when the oldest extant building was constructed, to 1961 when the district ceased to be a thriving commercial enterprise following the closing of nearby Brookside Mills in 1956, and the end of prohibition in the district in 1961.

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria