National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior

National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Swift Manufacturing Company
Reference Number 14000173
State Georgia
County Muscogee
Town Columbus
Street Address 1410 6th Avenue
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 9/10/2014
Areas of Significance Industry, Architecture
Link to full file
Beginning in 1883, Swift Manufacturing Company evolved into a fully integrated textile mill and expanded from a single building to a complex spread over two city blocks by the 1950s. The mill complex is locally significant under Criterion A in the area of industrv as a good example of the changing textile manufacturing industry in the post-World War II era. From the dyed yarn in the 7'h Avenue Plant, to production in Mill 3, and storage of denim fabric in Mill 4, the complex exhibits a complete integrated process of denim production. Swift Manufacturing is also locally significant under Criterion C in the area of architecture because the design of the mill buildings is representative of mills built throughout Georgia and the South through the mid-20th century. The extant buildings date from 1883 to 1975 and reflect changes in mill architecture during that period. The buildings' long, rectangular, open floor plans and large windows maximized the amount of light and air that reached the interior to allow for greater flexibility in the placement of textile machinery before air-conditioning was prevalent. Both the 1945 Mill 3 and the 1946 Warehouse 2 exhibit International Style features in their simple design with lack of historical precedent. As noted in Steven Eubanks' 2011 context, Adapting to Survive: A Historic Context for Georgia's Textile Mills Following World War II, changes to mill architecture grew slowly postwar with the general trend of constructing new buildings to accommodate technological changes in production. At Swift, the construction of the White Building, with minimal windows, and the 1951 dye house are good examples of postwar mill construction to accommodate specific processes in Swift's production line.

Any Associated Files


Weekly List Search Page

Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria