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The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Indian Mounds Park Mound Group
Reference Number 14000140
State Minnesota
County Ramsey
Town St. Paul
Street Address 1075 Mounds Boulevard
Multiple Property Submission Name The Woodland Tradition in Minnesota (ca.1 000 B.C .-A.D. 1750) Precontact American Indian Earthworks, 500 B .C.- A.D. 1650
Status Listed 4/11/2014
Areas of Significance Social History, Religion, Archeology- Religion
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"The Indian Mounds Park site (21 RA 1 0) in St. Paul, Minnesota is unique for preserving the only remaining burial mounds within the Minneapolis-St. Paul urban core, which roughly overlies the traditional cultural hub of the Dakota. The site is also significant for providing evidence of the northernmost examples of Hopewell-style earthworks along the Mississippi River. The eighteen mounds originally constructed at 21RA10 were prominent features within a much larger cultural landscape highly visible along the margins of the Mississippi River Valley. This sacred site provided a nucleus for burial rituals over thousands of years throughout the Middle Woodland Tradition and likely into the early historic period (Johnson 1957). Following the displacement of the Dakota from the area in the 1830s-1850s, the site became the focus of antiquarian archaeologists who repeatedly excavated the mounds searching for clues of the lost ""Mound Builder"" race they believed were responsible for constructing the ""ancient monuments."" This burial mound site is eligible to the National Register of Historic Places under Criterion A for its persisting association with Traditional Cultural Values, its direct association with a prominent setting and significant community members, and its status as the type site for the Havana-Related/Hopewell in Minnesota (Shrimpton 1991 , 2012:154, Arzigian and Stevenson 2003: 85). Under Criterion D, the Indian Mounds Park site is eligible for its regionally significant potential to inform our understanding of Middle Woodland Tradition (Arzigian 2012: 154 ). Indian Mounds Park is also eligible to the National Register of Historic Places under Criterion A for its direct and recurrent association to antiquarian archaeology in Minnesota ( 1856-1890), including the infonnation it yielded from those antiquarian excavations (Shrimpton 1991)."

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria