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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Reference Number 14000131
State New York
County Rockland
Town Upper Nyack
Street Address 521 NORTH BROADWAY
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 4/7/2014
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Shadowcliff is an architecturally and historically significant property located in the Village of Upper Nyack, Rockland County, New York. The nominated property is significant for the house erected there ca. 1921 to the designs of an unknown architectural office for Eleanor Manville Ford; it employs characteristic Neoclassical style design motifs and was built using contemporary fireproof construction techniques, the latter a direct consequence of the destruction, by fire, of Ford's previous house, located in Grand View, Rockland County. The nominated building retains any number of original features and is an excellent representation of high-style domestic architecture from the first quarter of the twentieth century in Rockland County. An additional layer of significance is present in relation to the house's occupation by the Fellowship of Reconciliation (F.O.R.), which acquired the property in 1957 from Colonel Charles A. Meyer, who had bought it from Ford's son, Charles B. Manville, following Eleanor M. Ford's death in 1949. Since that time the property has served as headquarters for F.O.R. The American branch of this organization, which for nearly a century has espoused an international social rights, peace and humanitarian agenda, was established in 1915 in Garden City, New York, under the leadership of Henry Theodore Hodgkin (1877-1933), a British-born Quaker. Shortly thereafter the nascent organization established its first office in Manhattan, New York, and it remained in the city for a number of decades until moving northward to Rockland County. The significance of this property is twofold. Firstly, Shadowcliff is significant under NRHP Criterion C as an outstanding and largely intact example of highstyle Neoclassical residential architecture built using contemporary fireproof specifications. The house remains largely as built in the early 1920s for Ford, with the bulk of its first-period ornamental treatments and with little alteration to the original floor plan. Secondly, the property is being nominated under NRHP Criterion A for its longstanding association with F.O.R., an internationally recognized group established at the dawn of the First World War. It continues to function in this capacity as the centerpiece of F.O.R.'s ongoing operations. Although it is being nominated at state level significance, further research and analysis may ultimately sustain a case for national significance.

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria