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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Lone Elm Campground Swale
Reference Number 14000121
State Kansas
County Johnson
Town Olathe
Street Address 21151 W 167th Street
Multiple Property Submission Name Historic Resources of the Santa Fe Trail
Status Listed 4/6/2014
Areas of Significance Commerce, Transportation, Exploration/Settlement, Social History
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The Lone Elm Campground Swale is associated with three great overland trails-the Santa Fe, the Oregon, and the California trails-as these three routes shared part of the same corridor in eastern Kansas. The nominated property is nationally significant as part of the Historic Resources of the Santa Fe Trail revised multiple property nomination under Criterion A for its association with transportation and commerce along the Santa Fe Trail and in the area of social history for its commemoration by the DAR. Further, the swale is significant under Criterion D for its potential to yield information about commerce, migration, and wagon transportation in eastern Kansas. This swale is also nationally significant under Criteria A & D for its association with transportation and exploration/settlement along the Oregon and California trails. The site, which is now part of a public park, retains a good degree of integrity in terms of location, feeling, and association required for registration. The initial period of significance begins in ca. 1823 when the earliest known group headed for Santa Fe passed through this site and ends in ca. 1861 with the beginning of the Civil War, which ended long-distance trail traffic from Independence. This site's significance is also tied to 1906 when the DAR marker was erected. The nominated site materially reflects important historic events associated with Oregon and California trails, as well as the Santa Fe Trail historic contexts International Trade on the Mexican Road, 1821-1846; The Mexican-American War and the Santa Fe Trail, 1846-1848; Expanding National Trade on the Santa Fe Trail, 1848-1861; The Effects of the Civil War on the Santa Fe Trail, 1861-1865; The Santa Fe Trail and the Railroad, 1865-1880; and The Commemoration and Reuse of the Santa Fe Trail, 1880-1987, as well as the Santa Fe Trail in Kansas.

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria