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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Pepperell Mill and Mill Village Historic District
Reference Number 14000090
State Alabama
County Lee
Town Opelika
Street Address Pepperell Parkway, 28th St. N, 1st Ave., and 30th St. N
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 3/31/2014
Areas of Significance Industry, Community Planning and Development, Architecture
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The Pepperell Mill and Mill Village Historic District is historically significant under Criteria A in the areas of industry and community planning and development and C for architecture as it illustrates the impact of the textile industry on the City of Opelika, as well as, the textile industry's establishment of mill villages in Alabama and the development of a distinct community centered in the mill village. The village was constructed primarily between 1925 and 1940 by the Pepperell Manufacturing Company to house employees of its Opelika textile mill. Initially, the village comprised approximately 100 houses ; by 1946 , it encompassed approximately 240 buildings , including dwellings , a church, a school, a grocery store, a post office, a drugstore, a barber shop, a gas station , and a childcare facility. The company retained ownership of the mill village until 1958, when it began selling the house lots to individual owners. The mill continued to operate until 2006.

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria