National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior

National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Cocheco Mills
Reference Number 14000081
State New Hampshire
County Strafford
Town Dover
Street Address Main & Washington Streets
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 3/24/2014
Areas of Significance ARCHITECTURE, INDUSTRY
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"The Cocheco Mills historic district meets Criteria A and C for listing in the National Register of Historic Places and is significant in the areas of Industry and Architecture at the local level. The district possesses integrity of location, design, materials, workmanship, feeling, and association . The mill meets Criterion A for its association with the textile industry in Dover, New Hampshire in the 19""' and early 20'"" centuries and the development of the community from a remote 17'"" century fishing settlement to an important industrial center by the late 19'"" century. The Cocheco Manufacturing Company was the largest and most prosperous business in Dover and was largely responsible for the unprecedented growth in the city in the 19'"" and early 20~ centuries. The complex, which was largely rebuilt in the late 19'"" and early 20""' centuries, meets Criterion C as a cohesive collection of well-preserved industrial buildings that represent nationwide changes in the way mills were construction in the second half of the 19'"" century, largely the result of fire prevention measures. All but one of the extant buildings were constructed following the ""slow-burning"" method of construction promulgated by the Associated Factory Mutual Insurance Companies. The period of significance for the complex is 1822 to 1937, which documents the earliest construction on the site by the Dover Cotton Factory, who first produced cotton cloth here, through to the closing of the cotton textile production by their successors. Despite modifications over the years, the Cocheco Mills district retains its architectural integrity and serves as a tribute to the city's historic industrial prosperity. "

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria