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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Mikell, Isaac Jenkins, House
Reference Number 14000056
State South Carolina
County Charleston
Town Charleston
Street Address 94 Rutledge Avenue
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 3/11/2014
Areas of Significance Architecture
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The Isaac Jenkins Mikell House is eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places under Criterion C in the Area of Significance for Architecture at the local level of significance. Built ca. 1853-ca. 1857, the Mikell House is significant as a transitional design, perhaps the first of Charleston's grand classically-inspired dwellings to display both the classical Roman temple form that had been in usage and popularity for centuries and the emergent Italianate detailing of the mid-nineteenth century. While other Charleston residences of the period, such as the Robert William Roper House (9 East Bay Street, ca. 1838) and the William Gatewood House (21 Legare Street, ca. 1843) followed the more conventional Greek Revival style that had been in vogue since about 1820, the Mikell House incorporated Italianate architectural elements on the exterior such as heavy corner quoins and belt courses, compass-head entrance doors with paneled flanking pilasters featuring foliate decorative festoons, first floor bi-partite window hoods with prominent projecting keystones and second floor window hoods that pierce the roof entablature, and on the interior compass-head doorways and elaborate marble mantels with horseshoe fireboxes. The Mikell House's bold use of such heavy ornamentation layered upon an otherwise conventional Roman Revival temple form fas;ade heralded the age of eclecticism in Charleston architecture.

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria