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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.

 

Property Name Robert Smalls School
Reference Number 14000043
State South Carolina
County Chesterfield
Town Cheraw
Street Address 316 Front Street
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 3/4/2014
Areas of Significance Education, Architecture
Link to full file https://www.nps.gov/nr/feature/places/pdfs/14000043.pdf
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Robert Smalls School in Cheraw, completed in 1953, is eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places under Criterion A in the area of Education for its association with the South Carolina -Equalization School- building program, a state initiative in the early 1950s to make schools for black children -separate but equal- to their white counterparts and in support of the practice of segregation. It served as an African-American school until it was desegregated in 1971. Robert Smalls School is also eligible under Criterion C in the area of Architecture as an example of the architectural vision of Cheraw, Incorporated, a group of local leaders who sought to maintain Cheraw's historic architecture and ensure that new designs were compatible, in the -colonial- or -ante-bellum- style, and according to plans prepared by the Florence, South Carolina, architectural firm of Hopkins, Baker & Gill. The period of significance (1953) is the year the building was completed and is inclusive of its association with the school equalization program and its association with the architecture of Cheraw, Incorporated.

 

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria