National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior

National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name St. Paul Union Depot
Reference Number 14000039
State Minnesota
County Ramsey
Town St. Paul
Street Address 214 East Fourth Street
Multiple Property Submission Name Railroads in Minnesota, 1862-1956
Status Listed 3/4/2014
Areas of Significance Transportation, Commerce, Industry, Architecture, Engineering
Link to full file
The St. Paul Union Depot, located at 214 E. Fourth Street in St. Paul, Minnesota, was originally placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1974. (The depot is listed as a contributing property to the NRHP-Iisted lowertown Historic District, comprised of turn-of-the-century buildings related to the warehouse, wholesale and railroad businesses downtown. The depot is also associated with the statewide contexts -Railroads and Agricultural Development, 1870-1940;- -Urban Centers, 1870-1940-: and the Multiple Property documentation Form -Railroads in Minnesota, 1862-1956.-) The depot building (Headhouse, Concourse and Waiting Room) and its associated remaining rail tracks hold statewide significance under National Register Criterion A in the areas of Commerce, Industry and Transportation and under Criterion C for the area of Architecture. The building meets Criterion A in the area of Transportation as the physical representation of St. Paul as the railroad hub of Minnesota. Further significance in the areas of Commerce and Industry include being characteristic of St. Paul's massive early twentieth century buildings which reflected the -affluence and prosperity of this quickly growing commercial center- and signifying the -importance that railroad transportation played in the early growth and expansion of St. Paul.- The building is significant under Criterion C for Architecture for its use of the Neo-Classical style, prevalent during the construction of -the great public and governmental buildings between the two World Wars.- Constructed between 1917 and 1926, the Depot's Neo-Classical design is representative of a building type, that of the early twentieth century public architecture, but also arguably as the finest architecturally-designed depot in Minnesota.


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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria