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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Fair Oaks
Reference Number 13001171
State Virginia
County Loudon
Town Aldie
Street Address 23718 New Mountain Road/State Route 631
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 2/6/2014
Link to full file
Fair Oaks is located along New Mountain Road on the east side of the Bull Run Mountains and southeast of the village of Aldie in Loudoun County, Virginia. Fair Oaks is locally significant under Criterion A in the area of Agriculture for its representation of late 19th century farming practices, at a time when Loudoun's economy was still largely agricultural-based. The property is locally significant under Criterion C in the area of Architecture for its farmhouse and intact complex of agricultural dependencies; most were constructed within a single time period and virtually unchanged since, thus representing an excellent vernacular interpretation of Late Victorian architecture and its construction methods. The intact farmstead, associated with the nearby Aldie Mill, was constructed ca. 1881, and is a pristine example of the substantial wealth created by the mill, a local industrial center in a rural environment, in a time when the South's economy was struggling to recover from the Civil War. The period of significance spans from circa 1844, at the establishment of the Moore family cemetery when Captain John Moore owned the property, until ca. 1960 with the construction of the frame garage when the Gibson family owned and operated the farm. The extended Moore family had owned the Aldie Mill for decades and built the main house and farming dependencies at Fair Oaks. Fair Oaks has excellent integrity of setting and preservation of vernacular construction. The fact that the farm remains in agricultural production and that the land is in perpetual easement further accentuates the farm's historic feeling and association.


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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria