National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior

National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Fort Mill Ridge Civil War Trenches (preferred), Fort Mill Ridge Wildlife Management Area
Reference Number 13001121
State West Virginia
County Hampshire
Town Romney
Street Address Fort Mill Ridge Road
Multiple Property Submission Name N/a
Status Listed 1/22/2014
Areas of Significance Military, Engineering
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Fort Mill Ridge Civil War Trenches are eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places under Criterion A: Military for its local and state association with the Civil War in Hampshire County, West Virginia. The site is also eligible for listing under Criterion C: Engineering as the fort is an excellent example of a rammed earth fortification constructed during the Civil War to protect important transportation routes. 6 The Period of Significance is 1863, the approximate date of construction and occupation. Fort Mill Ridge retains its integrity of location, association, setting and feeling situated high above the Northwestern Turnpike overlooking the Potomac River and Mechanicsburg Gap. The original design, workmanship and materials of the fort remain which provide insight into the construction techniques of mid-19th century American military defense fortifications. The topography and setting of the trenches are an important element of the resource.


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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria