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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.


Property Name Kingsford Historic District
Reference Number 13001114
State New York
County Oswego
Town Oswego
Street Address Various
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 1/22/2014
Link to full file
The Kingsford Historic District developed during the second half of the nineteenth century and reflects the City of Oswego's growth during this period, when it became a thriving commercial and industrial center. Much of Oswego's architectural fabric dates to the second half of the nineteenth century and early years of the twentieth century, but few areas in the city have retained as high a level of historic appearance and visual integrity as this district. The district is named for the Kingsford family. Thomas Kingsford was the founder of the Oswego Starch Factory, which grew to become the largest starch factory in the world and was a major driver of industrial development in Oswego in the nineteenth century. The Kingsford family was the largest employers in 19th century Oswego. Thomas Kingsford's son, Thomson, granddaughter, Virginia Kingsford Higgins, and grandson, Thomas P. Kingsford, all had homes in the district that remain extant. The four generations of the Kingsford family resided in the district for more than 100 years. Six properties in the district have direct connections to the family. The district also contains the homes of many members of Oswego's burgeoning middle- and upper-middle class, including attorneys, industrialists, physicians and owners of commercial enterprises. The great majority of the buildings in the district were constructed in the Italianate style, and the district provides many intact and well-preserved examples of fashionable domestic architecture from the late nineteenth century. The district is significant under National Register Criterion A for its association with individuals who were significant to the development of the City of Oswego and New York State, and National Register Criterion C for its examples of domestic and religious architecture from the period circa 1830-1910.


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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria